SS330 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Mirror, Turn Left (Doctor Who), Speed

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Drive Right Chapter 8 Study Guide
4/15/2008
Drive Right Chapter 8 Study Guide
How many cyclist fatalities occur each year?
About 2,000.
Why should drivers of larger vehicles protect
motorcyclists?
Unlike the driver of a larger vehicle, a motorcyclist
has little or no protection when conflicts occur.
Some motorcyclists can be inexperienced at riding,
and can therefore be very dangerous. Gauge their
skill levels before attempting to pass them.
How would you use the IPDE Process when sharing
the roadway with motorcyclists?
a. Identify Search all zones for motorcycles,
which are harder to see. Do not be surprised
by the sudden appearance of a motorcycle.
b. Predict Anticipate actions of motorcyclists
that might enter your path.
c. Decide - Base your decisions on the problems
that confront the motorcyclist,
d. Execute Carry out your actions.
Where should one look for motorcyclists?
a. At intersections or driveways
b. Turning left as you are approaching an
intersection
c. In your blind spots
d. Tailgating
e. Passing a vehicle on the right or left
How should you pass a motorcyclist?
Never tailgate a cyclist before passing. The
appearance of a very close vehicle in the cyclists’
rearview mirror could cause some unexpected
action and result in conflict. When you plan to
overtake and pass a motorcyclist, stay well back
until you start to pass.
When should you increase your following distance
when behind a motorcyclist?
A motorcyclists balance and stability depend on
two small areas of tires that grip the roadway.
Water, sand, oil, wet leaves, potholes, or loose
gravel reduce traction and can make motorcycle
control even more uncertain.
Why should you make a motorcyclist aware of
you?
When following a motorcyclist, do not assume the
cyclist is aware of your presence. Traffic and wind
noises make it more difficult for the cyclist to hear.
Protective helmets worn by cyclists might also
muffle some traffic sounds. The small size of the
mirrors on the handlebars and the vibration of the
motorcycle can restrict the motorcyclist’s view to
the rear. Keep extra space in your front zone when
you think a cyclist is unaware of your presence.
How does braking and accelerating differ for
motorcyclists?
A vehicle driver needs only to step on the foot
brake to stop a vehicle. However, a motorcyclist
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Drive Right Chapter 8 Study Guide
must operate separate brakes for front and rear
wheels. A lever on the right handlebar operates
the front brake. This brake supplies most of the
braking power for stopping. A foot pedal controls
the rear brake. A cyclist must coordinate both foot
and hand brakes carefully for maximum braking. If
either brake is applied too hard it can lock and
cause loss of control.
How does loss of balance affect how a motorcyclist
rides?
Unlike four-wheel vehicles, a motorcycle might
have difficulty remaining upright while in motion.
Be alert and anticipate that the cyclist can lose
control, especially if the roadway is wet or covered
with oil drippings.
What kind of protective equipment should a rider
wear?
a. Helmet The headgear worn to reduce or
prevent head injuries.
b. Eye-Protection Goggles or a face shield.
c. Heavy shoes or boots.
d. Full-length pants and jacket made of durable
material.
e. Full-fingered gloves.
What are some special riding problems that
motorcyclists can run into?
a. Adverse weather conditions
b. Motorcyclist crossing railroad tracks
c. Motorcyclists carrying passengers
How can motorcyclists help other drivers be aware
of them?
a. Ride in groups
b. Be visible in traffic
c. Take added precautions at night, when it is
much harder for a driver to see them
What are some responsibilities of bicyclists?
a. Wear a helmet for protection.
b. Know and follow the laws regarding roadway
riding, lane position, and sidewalk riding.
c. Obey all signs, signals, and laws.
d. Wear light-colored clothing and have lights
and reflectors on bicycles when riding at
night.
e. Do not wear earphones while bicycling.
Wearing earphones while bicycling or driving
a motor vehicle is illegal in many states.
f. Keep bicycles in safe operating condition.
How can a driver prevent conflicts with bicyclists?
a. Check rear zones and signal early when you
plan to slow or stop.
b. Help others identify a bicyclist by adjusting
your position. At night, use low-beam
headlights so that others can see the cyclist.
c. Reduce speed and increase space when you
are unsure of a bicyclist’s control.
d. Look for bicyclists before opening the street-
side door of your vehicle.
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Drive Right Chapter 8 Study Guide
What is a moped?
A moped is a two-wheeled vehicle that can be
driven by either a motor or a pedal.
What is a motor scooter?
A motor scooter is a low-powered two-wheeled
vehicle. It is more powerful than a moped. A motor
scooter is similar to a motorcycle, though most
motor scooters require no shifting.
What are some restrictions on mopeds and motor
scooters?
Most states require moped and motor scooter
operators to have an operator’s license. Mopeds
and motor scooters are restricted from certain
high-speed roadways. Both the speed and the
acceleration of mopeds are limited. Because they
do not accelerate to traffic speed as quickly as a
motorcycle or other vehicles, they may be unable
to keep up with the traffic flow.
What are some responsibilities of moped and
motor scooter drivers?
a. Wear protective clothing. At night, wear
clothing that has reflective tape on it.
b. Have the headlight on at all times.
c. Position the vehicle in the lane so it can be
seen by others.
d. Keep a space cushion between themselves
and other vehicles.
e. Use extra care when riding on wet or slippery
surfaces.
f. Concentrate on the driving task and use the
IPDE process.
Where can you expect to see pedestrians?
a. Alleys and driveways
b. Business districts
c. Residential areas
d. Jogging areas
Why should you use extra caution for pedestrians?
Many pedestrians who do not drive are not fully
aware of traffic laws and signals. Children and
older people are most at risk. Children are less
visible to drivers and often lack the judgment to
know when it is safe to cross streets. Older people
may not hear or see well and may be unaware of
possible conflicts. Other adult pedestrians may just
get careless. They are drivers of vehicles and fully
understand traffic laws. However, they are in a
hurry or are trying to escape bad weather, they
may take chances and forget the risks involved.
What are some guidelines about parking lot use?
a. Obey parking-lot speed limits.
b. Follow the routes for traffic flow. Do not drive
diagonally across parking-lot lines.
c. Be alert for pedestrians, bicyclists, roller-
bladers, and skateboarders.
d. Avoid tight parking spaces. Try to avoid
parking in end spaces.
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