PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Little Albert Experiment, Oval Window, Metacognition

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5 Oct 2016
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BGSU
PSYC 1010
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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8/23/16
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What is psychology?
Definition: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior: outward actions and reactions
Mental processes: thoughts, feelings, and motives that cannot be observed directly
oExamples: Thinking, feeling, memory
The Four Goals of Psychology
1. Description- what is happening?
Observe and note behavior
Provides you with a starting place
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2. Explanation- Why is it happening?
Provide a reason
Build a foundation for a theory
3. Prediction- When will it happen again?
4. Control- How can it be changed?
Focuses on modification of behavior
Medieval Times
Christianity
What makes humans different from other animals is the possession of a soul
Studying the body is not sufficient to study the soul/mind
The soul puts opinions into the mind
Rene Descartes (1596-1650) “I Think Therefore I Am”
Referred to the “mind” as the “soul” to appease the church
Placed importance on the pineal gland
Dualism
We are 2 entities:
oBody- res extensa
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