PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Puberty, Prenatal Hormones And Sexual Orientation, Source Amnesia

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11 Aug 2018
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Exam #3 Review
MEMORY
Recall
Recognition
Relearning (faster the second time)
Memory systems
o Sensory memory
Iconic (visual): 1 sec
Eidetic: snapchat memory
Echoic (sound): 5-10 secs
o Short-term memory: connections
Chunking
Rehearsal
Levels of processing
Shallow
Deep
o Long-term memory
Explicit (declarative)
Implicit (non-declarative)
Memory systems
Function
Encoding
Duration
Capacity
Sensory
Quick info
Visual
1-3 seconds
Enormous
Short-term
Connections/building
memories/active
“desktop”
Phonological
20 seconds
7 +/- 2 items
Long-term
Holding info that you
may or may not want
later (later disposal)
Semantic (words,
phrases,
description…)
Unlimited
Infinite
Memory processes
o Encoding
Automatic processing: implicit memories
Space/time/frequency/procedures/associations
Effortful processing: explicit memories
Attention
Mnemonics
Context/state (of mind)/mood dependent
o Storage
“Schema”: synaptic changes
More neural connections
More efficiency of neural firing
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o Retrieval
Retrieval cues
Priming
Positive/negative
Serial position effect
Recency effect
Primacy effect
Forgetting
2 track-mind: new/past memories
o Anterograde amnesia
o Retrograde amnesia
Encoding failure
Storage decay
Retrieval failure
o Interference
Retroactive/proactive
o Motivated forgetting
Memory problems: reconstruction errors
o Misinformation/imagination effects
o Source amnesia
Attribution error
Déjà vu
o True/false memories
o Repressed/constructed memories
Reliability of recovered memories
Improving memory
o Sleep!
o Make material meaningful
o Retrieval cues
o Mnemonic devices
o Minimize interference
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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Physical/cognitive/social development
Considerations
o Post-hoc fallacy
o Bidirectional influences
o Cohort effects
o Early experiences
Developmental periods
o Prenatal
Stages
Germinal stage: Conception - 10 days after
o Zygote
o Cells begin to divide/multiply
Embryonic stage: 2 weeks after conception 2nd month
o Organs/bones begin to develop
Fetal stage: 9 weeks after conception
o Fetus
o 4 months
Body growth
Facial features
Differentiation of cells
o 23-26 weeks
Threshold of viability (25)
o 36 weeks
Premature birth
Potential problems
Premature birth
o 25 weeks
o 36 weeks
Genetic disorders
Environmental factors
o Teratogens
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
o Maternal illness
o Maternal malnutrition
o Childhood
Newborns
Reflexes to aid survival
o Withdraw from pain
o Move face if breathing obstructed
o Root for nipple
o Swallow milk
Seek social stimulation
Mom’s scent/voice: imprinted neutrally
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