[CAS RN 106] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 31 pages long Study Guide!

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CAS RN 106
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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RN106 Death & Immortality
1
3.29.16
- Discussion Section:
- Confucianism = misnomer
- Started by Confucius (his real name Con Qiu)
- Every religion must have a founder, used the name of the person for the whole entire
tradition
- Self-perfection and self-cultivation
- School of Ru, learning of Ru, Religion is Ru
- Confucianism should really be Ruism
- Confucius is a Ru
- Ru: first meaning is soft, Ru is a scholar/educator who always uses a non-violent way to
teat people and obey a certain set of rules, has culture and is a civil person
o The second meaning is moisten; religious goal of the ideal of Confucianism is
harmony, striving for the ideal; nurture peoples’ lives
- People say it is not a religion because it is too this-worldly; bring harmony to the family
and this world
- Ruism teaches that there is no afterlife, no judgment, no paradise or hell, and no
reincarnation
- When people are born, this is only a contractive form of movement of the cosmic matter-
energy
- Wang Yang-ming no regrets, died peacefully
o Was a general and politician, built harmony in the society
o He was also a scholar
o Wrote good books and then did good deeds
- Dao original meaning is the way and truth
o Dao of Heaven: the way of the entire cosmos; cosmology
o Dao of Human beings: sociology
- Tian “Heaven” is always changing and being created, dynamic harmony, spontaneous
emergence, everything happens naturally
- We must remain from from using limited resources and harmonize the entire environment
from a human perspective
- Achieving cultural immortality: establish good words, good works and moral
worth/virtue
o Noble minded person is virtuous
o Among these three ways being moral is the most important
3.31.16
- Death in Israelite and Jewish Traditions
- Jonathan Klawans
- 1) to chart a historical transformation, a dramatic change in attitudes toward death, from
biblical Israel to ancient Judaism
- 2) to illustrate and explain tensions within Judaism that remain, despite the general
transformation
- Do Jews believe in Heaven? Doctrinally, yes…
- Do Jews and Christians have the same attitudes toward these beliefs? Behaviorally… no
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RN106 Death & Immortality
2
- Chronology and Vocabulary
o Hebrew bible (100 BCE to 500 BCE)
o Ancient Judaism (500 BCE to 70 CE)
o Rabbinic Judaism (70CE to 600 CE)
- The Transformation (hand out)
o Rabbinic prayer, Amidah, Blessing 2
- Genesis 25: 7-9
- Biblical Israel
o Long life
o Etc. (see slide)
- Exception?
o Moses
Doesn’t die happy, doesn’t get to Isreal (died in land of Moab), burial
Dies with a job not yet done
o Samson, dallied with Delilah
o Saul, tried to kill David
- The Biblical Norm: Israelite Heroes those who do right by the God of Israel in this
world, are rewarded in this world
o Long life
o Peaceful death
- Moses’ Death
o Paradigmatic age: 120
o Buried by god.. no grave or monument
o Note the contrast with Egypt
Pharohs in pyramids
Moses in the wilderness
- Biblical Burial
o Numbers 19:11
o He who touches the dead body of any person shall be impure seven days
- The rejection of idolatry
o Psalms 115:4-6
o Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men’s hands
o They have mouths, but cannot, speak, eyes, but cannot see…
- This-Worldliness
o The exodus story
- Ideal death: long life, peaceful death, burial
- Corollaries: no monumental tombs, no cult for the dead, separation of death from the
sacred
- Explanation: this-worldliness
- Afterlife in Ancient Israel (Genesis 37:33)
o Did think the dead went somewhere, but it wasn’t a beatific afterlife
o “The dead do not praise God”
- The great transformation
o The second temple period
o Maccabean conflict
- Sheol
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