PS101 [REVIEW] Exam #3

5 Pages
92 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course
CAS PS 101
Professor
Barry Grant
Semester
Spring

Description
● Dr. Grant’s lectures on Ch. 7, 9-11 ● Hannah’s discussion lecture 3/6 (Ch. 8) ○ Topics: Judgment & Decision Making, LanguageAcquisition, aphasia ● Dr. Grant’s Ch. 11 lecture to be given tomorrow 3/28 Chapter 7: Memory Basics of Memory ● Three key processes in memory ○ Encoding; Paying attention to a stimulus to form a memory “code” ○ Storage: Keeping encoded information in memory ○ Retrieval: Getting information out of memory ● Levels of processing/encoding: ○ Structural: What a word LOOKS like ○ Phonomic: What a word SOUNDS like ○ Semantic: What a word MEANS Types of Memory ● 3 box graph with arrows ● Sensory ○ Very rapid, in seconds ○ Types: Iconic, echoic ● Short-Term Memory ○ Holds about 7 +/-2 pieces of information ● Long-Term Memory ○ Unlimited storage ● Paying attention helps sensory become short-term, rehearsal helps short-term to long- term Working Memory ● Same as short-term memory ● Four components: ○ Phonological Loop: Mentally reciting something over and over again to hold it in mind ○ Visuospatial Sketchpad: Temporarily holding an image in your head ○ Central Executive System: Directs attention ○ Episodic Buffer: Connects to long-term memory Interference and Memory Loss ● Proactive interference ○ OLD information interferes with the retrieval of NEW information ● Retroactive interference ○ NEW information interferes with the retrieval of OLD information ● Retrograde amnesia ○ Can’t remember things from BEFORE memory damage ● Anterograde amnesia ○ Can’t make NEW memories Miscellaneous Memory ● Types of memories: ○ Declarative: FACTUAL information ■ Semantic: General information ■ Episodic: Memories of experiences ○ Nondeclarative: Skills, reflexes ● Serial position curve: People remember things better at the beginning and end of a list ○ Primacy Effect ○ Recency Effect Chapter 8: Language & Thought Fallacies and Biases ● Availability Heuristic: ○ Judging the likelihood of something based on how easily it comes to mind ● Representativeness Heuristic: ○ Classifying something/someone based on how well it represents your own idea of a category ● Confirmation Bias: ○ Looking for, noticing and remembering information that’s consistent with your expectations ● Gambler’s fallacy ○ Perceiving order/pattern in random events Theories of LanguageAcquisition ● Behaviorist: ○ Language is learned through imitation and reinforcement ● Nativist: ○ Language abilities are inborn and language learning is facilitated by a Language Acquisition Device ● Interactionist: ○ Language acquisition is partially biological, partially environmental Aphasia ● Broca’sAphasia ○ Can’t physically produce language, but can understand it ● Wernicke’s Aphasia ○ Can’t understand language, but can speak fluently ● Word Salad ○ General term for disorganized speech Misc. Points from 3/6 ● Theory of Bounded Rationality: ○ People are bad at processing information, so they make irrational judgments and decisions ● Algorithm VS. Heuristic: ○ Heuristic:Any mental “rule of thumb” that narrows the possible paths to a solution ○ Algorithm: mathematical step-by-step ● Maximizing VS. Satisficing: ○ Maximizing: Trying to find the best option of all possible options ○ Sati
More Less

Related notes for CAS PS 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit