[HIST 80B] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 14 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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Brandeis
HIST 80B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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I. What is History?
A. Learning fromt he past
B. Predicting
C. Rise & fall of philosophical & social systems
D. Story of the past; narratives (many)
E. Narrative
1. Verifiable data
a) Fundamental building blocks
2. Authorial Interpretation
a) Own bias, personal stamp
II. Historiography - the tale of how writing of history changed over time
A. Professionalism of Historical Practice
1. 19th century
2. People with independent incomes
B. University of Berlin (1810): first modern research university
1. Departments
2. Leopold von Ranke
a) Resource-based history
b) Political history
c) National histories
d) All history need to be based on textual, published documents
(1) Primary source-based history
3. George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
a) Create inquiry tension within practice of history
b) Thesis + antithesis = synthesis
c) Using evidence to refine arguments
III. Karl Marx
1. Changed historical
a) Shifted political to economic and social topics and concentration
2. “Dialectical Maternalism”
3. Economic History
4. “Social relations of production”
B. Stage theory
1. Categories of stages of human development
C. “Primitive communism
1. All properly held communally in an early time
2. Classes (usually military) that became dominant, used power to enslave
& extract resources from other civilization
a) Romans (imperial)
3. “Warring states”
4. China always had government; doesn’t fit feudalism
a) Chinese feudalism & Western feudalism
b) Term is inherited from Marx, not the same
c) Ended with communism
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5. Capitalist class became richer and took over the old feudal military class
a) Peasants moved to cities to sell labor to capitalists
b) “Proletariat” working class made up industrial society
D. “Socialist Mode of Production”
E. Communism - final form
1. Vague
2. Politics and economics with focus on production - how it shapes lives
3. Focus on social classes
F. “Asiatic mode of production”
IV. Annales School
A. Concentration on social and cultural
B. “Mentalities” - shared perspectives of the world
C. Interdisciplinarity
1. People in departments aren’t talking to each other
2. Structuralism approach
3. More study of history to structural level
a) More past events (rise, fall of civilizations)
b) History based on physical aspects of evolution
4. Foucault
a) Post-structuralism
b) Horizontal power structures
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