[PHIL 230] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 41 pages long Study Guide!

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6 Feb 2017
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Cal Poly
PHIL 230
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Tuesday, January 10, 2017
Philosophy 230 Lecture (W1D1)
Intro to Philosophy
-Philosophy
-Definition of philosophy
two Latin roots
-Phil means love
similar to brother love, not sexual
-sophia means wisdom
love of wisdom
philosophy was ‘invented’ by Plato
-~428 BC
-Athenians
-Does philosophy pursue wisdom?
What do philosophers do?
-understanding the world and places in it
apply it to produce human flourishing
-Science v. Philosophy
science involves physical experiments
-some thought experiments
thought experiments are thinking things through
philosophy includes thought experiments
-no physical experiments
like a chemistry lab
philosophy is more like math than science (empirical)
-necessarily, 2+3=5
!1
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Tuesday, January 10, 2017
true and couldn’t be otherwise
things that can not change
-philosophy and math is looking for necessary trues
philosophers are interested in necessary trues about concepts
-can then apply it to human
produce human flourishing
-empirical studies are looking for contingently true
contingently true are always solid
-find the cracks in their theories
scientific method
-What are we doing this course?
Reading three books
-ancient, medieval, modern
Answering the main questions this course
-Does philosophy have a value?
has practical use
societal value
What else can it do?
!2
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