[CMST 472] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 22 pages long Study Guide!

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Chico State
CMST 472
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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2/1/17
Historical Views of Ldrshp
- The Beginnings
o Leaders as prophets, priests, chiefs, kings
o Odyssey ldrs should maintain social distance
o Myths created to provide explanations for dominance of ldrs/submission of
subordinates
o Study of history = study of ldrs
o Pharaoh qualities = authoritative, perception, justice
o Confucius set moral ex., manip. rewards/punishments for teaching right/good
o Taoism ldr to work himself out of job by making ppl believe successes were due to
efforts
o Iliad (Homer) inspirational ldrshp
Justice/judgment
Wisdom/counsel
Shrewdness/cunning
Valor/activism
o Republic (Plato) ed. to rule w/order & reason
o The Prince (Machiavelli) risks or ldrshp/resistance to it
Steadiness, fairness, concern for maintenance of auth./power/order in gov.
o Philosophy of Mind (Hegel) by serving as follower, ldr can best understand
followers
- The Hero as King
o Leader should…
Furnish w/constant prac. teaching
Tell ppl what to do
Wisest/fittest
True-hearted/just/noble
- Rulers & Geerals Are History’s “laes
o Ppl w/power should carry out will of weak indiv.
Due to diverse/complex causes
o Higher on social ladder = more ppl connected w/more power over oth.
o In history, great men = labels giving names to events
Small connection w/event itself
Their acts are predetermined by destiny/eternity
- The Republic (Plato)
o Excessive increase of anything causes reaction in opposite direction
Excess lib. = excess slavery
o Ppl always have champion whom they set over them & nurse into greatness
o Tyrant = kind/good
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Stirs up war & grows unpop.
o Philosophers should rule due to their nature
Love knowledge
Love true being
Man of ambition
Gift of good memory
Quick to learn
Noble, gracious, friend of truth, justice, courage, temperance
- Politics (Aristotle)
o Ruler/subject relationship
One class should rule/oth. should serve
All citizens should take turns governing/being governed
Equality exists in same treatment of sim. persons
o No gov. can stand not founded upon justice
Those who learn to command must learn to obey
o Should consid. parts of soul/functions & diversities of human lives/actions
o Do what is best, nec., & honorable
- How Princes Should Keep Faith (Machiavelli)
o 2 ways of contending 1 by law/1 by force
o Skillful in stim./disassembling
o Have mercy, good faith, integrity, humanity, religion
o Preaches peace/good faith
- Tao Te Ching (Lao-tzu)
o Selflessness
Keeps egocentricity in check
Well-being of all > well-being of self
o Water
Fluid/responsive
No judgment
Does’t complain
Speaks simply/honestly, shed light/creates harmony
Timing = everything
o Unbiased ldrshp
Open/receptive
Breathe freely/remain relaxed
Lead w/out dominating
w/out being possessive
in nourishing manner
helpful w/out taking credit
lead w/out coercion
o Being a midwife
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