[PSYCH 2010] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (14 pages long!)

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Clemson
PSYCH 2010
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PSYC 2010 12 January 2017
Prof. Switzer
Lecture Notes Two Main Systems of the Brain
There are two ajor systes withi the brai…
“yste 1 = is’t atually a syste, ut istead it’s a set of ay odules
- Some modules include facial recognition, determining distance, comprehending
language, determining source of a sound, or facial expressions
- Responsible for quick comprehension, recognition, or call for quick action
- Hardwired into your brain, system 1 signals cannot be stopped or changed
System 2 = is a system, and may possibly a combination of two subsystems
- After reeiig ues fro “yste 1, it’s resposile for aalyzig these ues ad
preparing responses
- Where all of the main processing happens; computations, rationalizations, reactions etc.
- Can be reprogrammed or rewritten based on experiences or surroundings
- Considered the part of the brain that hosts the personality
**While they all have many capabilities, Systems 1 and 2 each only does one thing, with one doing
the automatic processing and the other doing the semi-voluntary processing.
System Characteristics:
System 1
System 2
o Abbreviated TASS
o Automatic
o Fast
o Mandatory
o Does’t result i diret
conscious experience
o Requires no System 2 input
o All processes happen
simultaneously
o Abbreviated APS
o Context free and
reprogrammable
o Slow
o Difficult to sustain
o Provides conscious results
o Expends a lot of energy
o Used for general purpose
o Only one process at a
time (serial)
As a suary…
System 1 modules are responsible for inmate behavior (developed by early species of humans)
System 2 is your conscious mind, the system that programs automatic inputs, and where
personality is developed
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How do the two modules work together?
System 1 automatically sends cues from various modules and System 2 will process those cues
to understand them and apply them in different situations throughout everyday life.
Ex: Babies are born with the ability to learn whatever language is spoken by the parents. How?
- A System 1 module referred to as LAD (Language Acquisition Device) gives a brain the ability
to recognize all possible phenomes (language sounds) in every language
- System 2, the conscious mind, processes the phenomes that are heard throughout everyday
life as the baby ages, and weeds out the unused pheoes that do’t eed to e
reogized, leaig oly the pheoes i the parets’ laguage.
Does culture affect Systems 1 and 2, or are they the same for everyone?
Culture can affect either system. System 1 cues may mean different things based on how
System 2 modified those cues. For example, System 2 modifies the language phenomes based on
culture, as many cultures also have different native languages. Also, people in different cultures may
be exposed to different ways of thinking or acting, which modifies System 2 processing.
Ex: Is loneliness culturally or physiologically unhealthy? In other words, is the need for human
interaction an instinct, or is it developed through culture exposure?
If e thik aout our early aestors, they also did’t like eig aloe:
loely to the eat they ere aay fro their la
They knew that that was dangerous
They did’t like eig i dager so they ere ore likely to return to the clan
Those who returned survived and reproduced
The need to survive and reproduce are both System 1 processes, and while certain cultures may
be more socially interactive than others, the dislike of being lonely is a physiological, or System
1, trait.
Bottom Line?
Although many behaviors are specifically System 2, all human behavior is simply a result of
System 1 cues being sent to and processed in System 2.
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