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ANEQ 102 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Diaphysis, Semen Extender, Western Saddle

Animal Sciences
Course Code
ANEQ 102
Mr. Ryan Brooks
Study Guide

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ANEQ 102 Lab Practical Study Guide.
How many bones are in a horse’s skeleton? 205 Bones
What consists of the Vertebral Formula?
C 7 T 18 L6 S5 C15-21
Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Caudal
Where is the point of shoulder located? The Humerus.
How many pairs of ribs are there? 18 pairs.
Where is the carpal join located? The forelimbs
What are the direction terms?
Cranial: Towards or near the head.
Rostral: on or near the nose, can only be used on the structures on the head.
Caudal: Towards or near the tail.
Dorsal: Towards or near the back or corresponding surface on the head, neck, or thorax, this term
is used for limbs to show the front facing side.
Ventral: Towards or near the belly or corresponding surface on the head, neck, or thorax, this
term is NOT used for limbs.
Medial: Towards or near the median plane.
Lateral: Away from the median plane.
Proximal: Closer to the body of origin.
Distal: Away from the body of origin.
What are the types of bones?
Short Bone: Small cuboidal shaped bones that are usually grouped together at the carpus and
Flat Bone: Bone expands in two directions such as those found in the pelvic girdle, scapula, and
Irregular Bone: Complex jutting bones including the vertebral column and the non flat bones of
the pelvis and skull.
Sesamoid Bone: Small rounded bones that resembles a sesame seed that are present in freely
moving joints such as patella and proximal and distal sesamoid bones.

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Long Bone: Bones that consist of a diaphysis (shaft) and two epiphyses (ends) including the
humerus, radius, femur,tibia, metacarpals, and metatarsals.
What are the parts of the hoof?
Hoof: The hard epidermal structure surrounding the soft tissue and bone that creates the equine
Wall: The visible portion of the standing horse’s hoof divided into three regions, the toe, the
quarters and heels.
Bars: The region of the hoof wall visible on the ground surface but separated from the frog.
Frog: The V shaped structure between the sole, bars, and bulbs that allows expansion of the foot,
It’s V shape is for the even distribution of weight on the foot.
Bulbs of the Heels: The expanded part of the frog on the palmar and plantar aspect that is
covered by the periple.
Digital Cushion: The wedge shaped mass of fibrous tissue that is located distal to the frog that
absorbs impact and sets the angle for the bones.
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