PSY 325 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Implicit-Association Test, Impulsivity, Job Performance

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CSU
PSY 325
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1-20-17-Chapter 1- The Study of the Person
Friday, January 20, 2017
12:50 PM
Funder makes the point that understanding individual differences…
-is fundamental to the psychology of personality. In this field, psychologists are
interested in how people differ from one another
Funder brought up U.S. Presidents because
-he wanted to point out that great strengths are also great weaknesses.
1. What is Funder's First Law? Think of an example.
Great strengths are usually great weaknesses, and surprisingly the
opposite is true as well. --memorize this
How does Funder feel about questions answered with "it depends"?
-he loves such questions, and that drew him to the field of psychology
Psychology is the scientific study of…
-behavior and mental processes
Goals for chapter 1:
-introduce the topic
-engrave the fact that there are no perfect indicators of personality. There are
only clues, and clues are ambiguous.
What do you need to know in order to say you know someone else?
-being able to predict their actions
-this entails knowing someone for a while so that you know their past
behavior
-viewpoints and outlook
What is Personality?
-an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior,
together with the psychological mechanisms--hidden or not--behind those
patterns. -Funder
Personality psychology's unique mission is to explain whole persons
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Basic approach
-limiting what you look at when analyzing personality
-searching for specific patterns
Trait approach
-the ways that people differ psychologically
-how these differences are measured
Biological approach
-biological mechanisms i.e. anatomy, physiology, genetics, evolution, etc.
Psychoanalytic approach
-the unconscious mind
Phenomenological approach
-conscious experience of the world
-different cultures
Learning/Cognitive
-What were you thinking?
Which approach answers the question "why do people in general display X trait?"
-biological
Traits
-A distinguishing quality of personal character -Webster
-A stable and long-lasting attribute - Funder
Trait theorists generally agree that traits are:
1.
Broad behavioral consistencies in the conduct of people
2.
Useful as "basic units of personality"
What do we know when we know a person?
McAdams:
-We know someone when we know their:
1. Traits and roles
2. Goals and values
3. Life story
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