[PSY 201] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (15 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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PSY 201
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PSYCHOLOGY - sturges
History and methods – 01/03/2017
1. Science of behavior and mental processes
a. Explains
2. Intuition vs. study
a. Ex. Using Cell phones while driving
3. Critical thinking
a. Being skeptic
b. Evaluating the evidence, the type it is, and interpreting the evidence.
4. Hippocrates (460-370BCE)
5. Philippe Pinel, 1795, ordered removal of the chains at Paris Asylum
a. Led to community based treatments
b. More things that led to relaxation for the patients
6. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1927CE)
a. Russian Physiologist
7. Wilhelm Wundt
8. William James (1842-1910)
a. Founder in psychology
b. Taught at Harvard (Professor)
c. Functionalism
i. Adaptiveness of behavior
1. Influenced by Darwin
d. Principles of Psychology
9. John Watson (1878-1958CE)
a. Founder of behavioral psychology
10. Edward Thorndike (1874-1949CE)
a. Cat test
i. Repeated process to get out of trap
1. Will do actions done previously if they work
11. B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
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12. Albert Bandura
a. Reward system
13. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
14. Carl Rogers (1902-1987)
15. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)
16. Psychology as a Science
a. Falsifies hypotheses in replicable public ways
b. Using case studies, naturalistic observations, surveys, and experiments.
SUMMARY
17. Correlation vs Causation
18. Experiments randomly assign conditions and manipulate independent variables
19. Control group
20. Double blind studies
21. Independent and dependent variables
22. Quasi experiments: naturally occurring but similar groups.
23. Nature vs nurture
24. Mind vs body
25. Determinism vs free will
26. Evolutionary Psychology
a. Kin Selection and Altruism
b. Adaptive Anxiety
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