MIS 2223 Midterm: Test 3 Study Guide Part 1

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Management Information Systems
MIS 2223
Kevin Fontana

Test 3 Study Guide CHAPTER 9 TERMS: • Operating System (OS): A set of programs that coordinate all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware. • Booting Computers: Cold boot= turning it on from off. Warm boot= restarting it. • Sleep Mode: Saves any open documents running programs or apps to RAM, turns off all unneeded functions, and then places the computer in a low power state. • Hibernate Mode: Saves any open documents and running programs or apps to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or device. • User Interface: Controls how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen. • Graphical User Interface: You interact with menus and visual images. • Command-Line Interface: A user types commands represented by short keywords or abbreviations or press special keys on the keyboard to enter data and instructions. • Virtual Memory: A portion of a storage medium functioning as additional RAM. • Driver: A small program that tells the operating system how to communicate with a specific device. • Performance Monitor: A program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices. • Automatic Update: Regularly provides new features or corrections to the program. • Network Operating System: Designed to work with a server on a network. • Sign in: Enables a user to sign in to, or access resources on, a network or computer. • User Name: Or user ID, identifies a specific user. • Password: A private combination of characters associated with the user name. • Desktop Operating System: A complete operating system that works on desktops, laptops, and some tablets. • Mobile Operating System: The operating system on mobile devices and many consumer electronics and resides on firmware (i.e. Android, iOS, Windows phone). CHAPTER 10 TERMS: • Digital Communications: Describes a process in which two or more computers or devices transfer data, instructions, and information. • Network: A collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media. • LAN: (Local Area Network) A network that connects computers and devices in a limited geographical area. • WAN: (Wide Area Network) A network that covers a large geographical area. • Network Architecture: The configuration of computers, devices, and media on a network. • Communications Software: Consists of programs and apps that help users establish a connection to another computer, mobile device, or network; manage the transmission of data, instructi
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