AMH 2010- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 83 pages long!)

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1 Dec 2017
School
Course
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AMH 2010
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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"City on a hill"
- Present day Boston
- Winthrop envisioned it as a place where Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the
world
- "perfect example"
Massachusetts Bay
- Traditional Puritans
- Structured where houses were really close together so they can always monitor each other
- Properties surrounded church in the center
Great Migration
1630-1640: English people came from England to the New World to prove to King James that Puritanism
was the way to live
Laws & Liberties of MA
- 1648
- Drawn up by General Court
- Explained the colonists' rights and responsibilities.
- Encouraged public trust in government
- Discouraged magistrates from excessive use of authority.
Roger Williams
- He settled Rhode Island in 1636 for separation of Church and State.
- Believed that Puritans were too powerful
- Banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs
Anne Hutchinson
- Believed in the Grace of God
- Held popular Bible studies and would teach people about Grace
- Banished from MA Bay and ultimately moved to RI
Thomas Hooker
- Reverend
- Led large group of Boston Puritans who were unhappy with MA Bay authorities into the Connecticut
River Valley
- Founded Hartford, CT in 1636
Pequot War of 1637
- Conflict b/w Pequot Indians inhabiting eastern Connecticut and the colonists of Massachusetts Bay and
Connecticut
- Colonists trying to establish hierarchy
- Indians were destroyed and driven from the area
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New Netherland / New York
- Established in 1664
- Taken from the Dutch, given to James the Duke of York
- Stuvyesant infuriated
Dutch West India Company
- Formed in 1621
- Outposts in North America & Africa
- A sugar industry in Brazil
Peter Stuyvesant
- Disliked Dutch governor of New Netherlands
- Leads to Dutch surrender to the English
- Prohibits sale of guns and alcohol to Indians
James the Duke of York
- Ultimately James II King of England
- Given New Netherlands by James I and named it New York
- Was disliked for his support of Catholicism
Pennsylvania
- Established in 1663
- Land given to William Penn
- Quaker land
- Equality for everyone
- Penn great relationship w/ Native peoples
William Penn
- Given large land by James II (ultimately became Pennsylvania)
- Early advocate of democracy and religious freedom
- One of the few colonies to have good relations with the Indians, making several successful treaties
"Holy Experiment"
Attempt by Quakers establish to a community for themselves and other religious minorities in
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
- One of the most prominent trading cities in the New World
- Continuously growing
- Penn would buy land from Lenape people
The Walking Purchase (1737)
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