THE DEMOGRAPHIC REVOLUTION
• Life expectancy is increasing.
• The "Oldest Old" are increasing in numbers.
o The Baby Boom Generation (born during the 1950s and 1960s) are entering their
o Increases in medical technology.
o Improvements in nutrition and living conditions.
• Elderly women outnumber elderly men: there are 86 men for every 100 women ages 6569.
o This disparity increases with age.
• Most elderly men are married, more so than elderly men.
o Elderly women (40%) are far more likely to live alone than elderly men (19%).
ABOUT CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS
• "Boomerangers": Adult chidden who return home temporarily after leaving home for school,
work, or other reasons.
o Influences: housing costs, job opportunities, wages, employment.
o Advantages: emotional and economic security, help with their own children.
o Disadvantages: regression to previous parentchild roles, problems with
• Adult ParentChild Relationships
o Strong connection, but parents feel more strongly connected to children than children
o Parents of adult children may help with finances for expenses, housing, health care,
daycare, and educational funds.
THE AGING COUPLE
• Marital Satisfaction may increase after children leave home. However, it may largely be
based upon individuals' expectations of marriage.
• Sexual desire and activity remain essential elements in elderly marriage.
o Nonmarried elderly adults may encounter issues such as STI's that they were not
concerned about when they are younger.
• Division of household labor remains the same, as women continue to do most of the
• Death of a spouse is one of life’s most stressful events
→ Loss of companion/friend, income, and way of life
• Women are more likely to be widows than men:
→ Women live to older age
→ Wives are typically a few years younger than their husbands → Widowed women are less likely to remarry than widowed men (they like older men
and they’ve already passed away)
• Men have more difficulty coping with widowhood than women; women may have more
Grief and bereavement
• The process of grief and bereavement (Kubler-Ross)
→ Individuals may not go through all stages, or in this order
⇒ Denial: “this isn’t happening”; could look like hope or faith
⇒ Anger: someone understands that this is happening and questions why this is
happening “this isn’t fai