1. How is climate research conducted?
a. What kind of data is available and how is it collected?
Long term records (NASA)
metadata (data about the data)
ice cores (example of proxy records)
FARM RECORDS!!(mention this one)
art and literature (showed the existence of the little ice age, frozen over rivers/lakes)
Meta data - (TYPE OF INSTRUMENT, THE CONDITION OF THE INSTRUMENT, EXPOSURE, HEIGHT, DEGREE
OF INTERFERENCE, OBSERVATION PROTOCOLS)information about the instruments used (on ocean- what
kind of thermometer(instantue instrument), what ship it on / NASA - where the satellites are and which
satellite collected the information, remote readings (satellites are not in the weather so collected
remotely, active sensor, beam sent out (Doplin Radar)
b. What challenges are involved in collecting and analyzing climate data?
Most records tend to be in more developed countries
Lot of data and meta data
Corroborating records make it easier (a year without a summer --. Mount tambura eruption resulting in
the year without summer) What rocks were erupted and how much was erupted
Climate systems are complex --. Modeling and explaining can be difficult to be confident in causality
Inconsistencies across the data (inhomogeneity)/ variations makes it difficult to compare data
Building meta data is frustrating and annoying and very tome consuming
c. How is research conducted?
● Field observations/experiments
● Archived data paleoclimate sources
Lot of statistics (in statistical climatology --> mechanistic)
Statistical modeling and numerical/mechanical (physics (gases act in a certain wa