[PPE 3003] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (12 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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PPE 3003
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Ch. 1
Psychological Triad how people feel, think, and behave
What do we know when we know a person?
- 3 levels of psychological individuality
1) dispositional traits (surface level descriptions nice, narcissistic,
etc.) (actor)
2) Characteristic adaptations (how do they react in a difficult
situation; what is important in this point in their life) (agent)
3) Life story / narrative (author)
Goal: Understand everything about someone
Researchers micro-analyze various specific aspects of personality
- specific patterns
- certain types of observations
Funder refers to this as a Basic Approach
- many basic approaches to examine personality
- each have pros / cons
- allows for more depth
Level 1: Dispositional Traits
- general tendencies
Trait approach pros
- broadly applied and accepted (based on careful observations that
reflect differences)
- longitudinal consistency (stable genetics? Twin studies?)
- predictive
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2
- situatioal fators are’t uh etter at predicting
Trait approach cons
- predictors (situations)
- design limitations
- simplistic (lacking depth)
Approaches
Biological Approach (ch. 8/9)
Psychoanalytical Approach (ch. 10/11)
Phenomenological Approach (ch. 12/13)
Learning and cognitive Approaches (ch. 14)
“ie goal is to uderstad the whole perso, there is ot oe ig theory
to answer all questions
- eclectic approach (multiple perspectives)
Level 2: Characteristic Adaptations
- hua are soial ators
- situational factors and traits are influential
- free will? Determinism?
Classic theories
Motivational theories
Social-cognitive theories
Self-developmental theories
*Traits are static
*Personality is dynamic
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