[POSC 1100] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (32 pages long)

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POSC 1100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Politics notes Sept 7th
In defense of Politic
Dr. Carl Schmidt
Not biased
Trying to define politics
Politics Is different from aesthetics and economics because it does not personally affect
him
The eoo that politis has is diided ito to  is friend and enemy (NOT foe)
o Politics is divided between friend and enemy
Examples between foe vs. enemy
o You and sally are competing for a job and she gets the job - enemy
o A foe is someone who tries to impose on your plans and you take it personally
Always speaks some kind of animosity
o Another ex: isis is Isis foe or enemy?
Why portray the enemy as ugly and evil?
o Easier for propaganda
o temptation there to see someone who is abominable for the ethnic point of
view
o Schmidt says there is nothing wrong with that
Any modern nation states (United Kingdom, France, Bangladesh) they have common
enemies
o threatened by the same people.
Who is the common enemy??
EXS: Russias common enemy is China
What do you do about the common enemy?
o It leads to war, and once you go to war its your goal to disarm the enemy.
Who can judge that type of thing? No one
Does Schmidt defend politics? In some ways he does, in the sense that he worries
whether politics as a whole will disappear. Politics is certainly something that makes
things serious.
o Without politis, people ouldt hae oo eeies hih ould e a
negative factor
He is concerned for politics to continue on in the future
Doctor Crick
Schmidt and Crick are both trying to define politics
Do they define politics in the same way? No
Crick defines politics as just an option to keep a group of people organized
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And politics needs/ uses discussion, debate, and persuasion as a means to get
people to do things rather than using force
If its ruled by a tyranny or oligarchynot political
Order-- regulates expectations to be met
EX: teacher planning to get home at 9
We are imperfect and realize we can make mistakes
What keeps rules operative is having significant pealts, there has to be something
to ensures that something works
o EX: why people stop at red lights
An example of a tyrantEgyptian pharaohs, saddam Hussein
A tyrant is going to be known for using his or hers forced properties
Politics involves some voluntary role by the people, some way of persuasion and not
force
o Why persuasion? More practical way of getting people to do things verses
using force
In a political place if you use force there has to be a reason
The essence of tyranny is to use force
Its ot that the dot like using force, its that the dot hae a hoie
Oligarchy and tyranny commonforce is always the last resort
Where the questios do ot eege, ou dot hae politis
Nonpolitical- absence of diverse, absence of more than one point of view
Not the fear of the control of the people that could punish you, its the fea of
feeling awkward bc no one else does it (this confuses me bc before the stoplight
exampleppl only stop because scared of consequences/ persuasion. Who thinks
persuasion/consequences?)
Most traditional societies of religious backgrounds
Amish people- if soethig is ot talked aout i the ile, the dot use it i da
to day life.
o The dot use eletiit o as
o Its not fear, its lack of diversity
If you get caught doing somethig out of the o the shu ou – pretend you
dot eist
o Not illegal to do something out of norm, but it is effective bc everyone you
know pretends to not know you
Traditional societies vs. political societies
o Any political society must have diversity, Amish (religious societies) are not
diverse
Almost every issue is met by a lot of diversity (economics, politics, aesthetics)
Rather trying to force someone, get them to see why they should and use
persuasion
o You get used to persuasion, it becomes human nature, you like being
persuaded
Crick gets the idea of diversity from Aristotle
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