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VART 1101 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - City, Urban Planning, New York City


Department
Visual Arts
Course Code
VART 1101
Professor
Eva Delius
Study Guide
Final

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VART 1101

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Urbanism Class Notes
9/19/17
Ancient Greece & Rome
Chp.5 Cities
Ancient Greece
- Flourished between 800 BC- 200BC
- Height 500 BC
- Securing more food (grain) the Greek empire to expand a violently take over areas
- Advances of farming, transportation, and government
- Crucial issues
o Water rights
- Network of trading routes developed
o Single filed caravans
- 300 BC
o Alexander the Great extended their control to the Nile River - Egypt
- Military
o Used for conquering
o Used to protect the grain routes, aqueducts
- Slaves
o Needed huge labor pool to farm grain
o To get the slaves they traded fruit/meats and also manufactured goods
- Famine was a constant threat
Athens
- Capital
- Oe of the world’s oldest otiually ihaited ities
- Emerged with the seaport city Piraeus because Athens needed a connection to the sea
o Grew together and depended upon one another
- Home of art, philosophy, education
o Plato’s shool
- Birthplae of deoray
o demos common people
Aristotle
- 384-322 BC
- Master in physics, biology, zoology, poetry, theatre etc.
- Tutored Alexander the Great
- Most known for his reflections of civilizations and his ideas of morality
Classical Greek City Planning
- Result of planning and no planning (combination)
- Ex. The City of Thurii, planned around 446 BC steps of how to go about this
o The ritual consultation of the oracle (religion)
o The location of a spring (water supply)
o The building around it of a wall (defense)
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o The laying out of a grid of broad avenues four in one direction and three others
at right angles to them (primary zoning)
o Grid pattern of streets will be filled in with houses
- Hippodamus of Miletus 384 BC 322 BC
o Known as the father of urban planning
o Characterized by order and regularity
Alexanders Empire at its Height 323 BC
- 356 BC - 323 BC
- Credited with expanding the Greek empire
- Spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Africa
and Asia
- Tutored by Aristotle
- Inherited a very strong kingdom from his father after he was assassinated
- The plans for the conquest were already in place before Alexander was on the throne
o Invaded Persian valley
o Extended empire up to Indus river valley
- Wanted to conquer the ends of the world to the great outer sea
- Died in Babylon
o Cause: Unknown
Poison
Malaria
- Series of Civil wars tore the empire apart after his death
o Begiig of the ed
- invasions resulted in an enormous spread of Greek culture
- his strategies in conquering are still being taught today
Classical Greek Architecture
- Parthenon
o Built for goddess Athena
o Construction started at 447 BC
o Symbol to show the world they are in control and thriving
- Architects were masters at the siting of individual buildings
- Revival Architecture
o Very popular in Paris and Berlin and all over the world
- Saw a parallel between architecture parts and the human bodies
Classical Order
- One of the ancient style of classical architecture, each distinguished by its proportions
and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of
column used
- Washington DC
- 3 different Orders
o Doric
o Ionic
o Corinthian
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