APPH 3753 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Muscle, Sternum, Bone

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APPH 3753
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22 August 2019
APPH 3753
20 August we went over syllabus
Terminology Quiz on Tuesday, August 27
Dr. Decker, Office: 555 14th Street, Room 131
Anatomy@gatech.edu
Human Anatomy
Physiology ~ “ology” means study of, “physio” means nature “physiology” means study of
nature
Anatomy ~ “tomy” means to cut, “ana” means apart, up, backward “anatomy” means to cut up
o Study external, internal structures
o Study relationship of body parts
o Study how body functions and mechanisms of body
o Microscopic Anatomy ~ study of structures that cannot be seen without magnification
Cytology ~ study of cells
Histology ~ study of tissues
o Macroscopic Anatomy ~ study of structures that can be seen without magnification
Surface anatomy ~ superficial anatomical markings
Regional anatomy ~ all structures in specific area of body
Systemic anatomy ~ study of organ systems of body
o Developmental anatomy ~ examines structural changes over time
Cardiovascular system is 1st to develop it transports nutrients and oxygen
o Comparative anatomy ~ considers anatomical similarities and differences in different
types of animals
o Clinical anatomy ~ focuses on pathological changes during illness
o Surgical anatomy ~ studies anatomical landmarks important for surgical procedures
o Radiographic anatomy ~ study of anatomical structures with use of x rays or ultrasounds
scans on intact body
o Cross sectional anatomy ~ use of radiographic techniques to loos at cross sections of
body
Transverse plane
Important for diagnosing tumors
Levels of Organization
o Chemical / Molecular
4 (C, H, N, O) elements make up 99% of body
Major classes of compounds include water, carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
o Cell
Smallest living unit in body, consisting of organelles
o Tissue
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Many cells and some surrounding material
o Organ
Combination of tissues
o Organ System
Combination of various organs that make specific system
11 organ systems in humans
Language of Anatomy
o Anatomical Regions
Abdominopelvic area can be subdivided into either 4 major quadrants OR 9
regions
RUQ holds most of liver, gallbladder
LUQ holds most of stomach and spleen
RLQ holds cecum, appendix, right ureter, right ovary, right spermatic
cord
LLQ holds left ureter, left ovary, left spermatic cord
RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, and LLQ for short
Used clinically
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