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PSY 213 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Osteoarthritis, Life Review, Salthouse

Course Code
PSY 213
Study Guide

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Exam 4
Middle Adulthood
oThe Self
oSocial relationships
What happens in Middle Adulthood?
oSteady career
oRaising kids
oKids growing up
oHealth issues
oChanges in how we think somethings get better, some decline
Cognition in Middle Childhood
oIntellectual skills
oSchaie’s Seattle Longitudinal Study
Longitudinal- cross-sectional study, watch ppl overlong time but
add more ppl dif ages
oPerceptual speed declines gradually, (able to process quickly)
oVerbal ability stays the same
oInductive reasoning declines slightly
oFluid & Crystallized intelligence
oFluid intelligence: trying to process any info, perceptual (using memory)/
put in order
Gets progressively worse, tired to working memory
oCrystallized: gets better throughout adulthood, skills based on
accumulative knowledge/exp.
Vocabulary (knowledge of words), rie bike, use computer better
Inductive reasoning
oPerceptual-motor speed
oHow quick respond/reaction time
Slower in 40’s-50’s
Worse at being able to attend to surroundings
Can’t do 2 or more complex things at time
Harder to multi-task
oEasily distracted – go to unimportant things
oWont remember lists of names (#’s as well)
oCan’t remember things as well
oEngage in clustering info

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oRemembering things tied to career (world events –well!!)
oDe-contextualized info – not well
Compensating for losses
oSalthouse – studied typists, looked at strategies young typists do vs. middle age
middle age typing just as well or faster, learned tricks – figured lg texts to
type in. Remembering big chunks – holder onto large
oCompensate for cognitive losses
Personal Factors related to changes
oNo chronic disease
oHigh SES
oInvolved in stimulating environments
oFlexible personalities
oHigher functioning spouse
oSatisfied w/ life
The Self in Middle Adulthood
oSelf concepts
oActual & potential selves
oActual self concept- how you currently see yourself –accurate
oPotential- who you want to be in the future
Get to middle adulthood, have fewer views/less ties to certain
things – entertain
Marriage, house, career, have kids
Gender Identity
oGender convergence- break down of gender roles/identity
oFemales: take on masculine traits, be assertive, independent
oMen: become more sensitive
oConform to more rigid stereotypical traits
oCollection of personality traits
oBig 5”
oOpenness – imaginative independent, likes variety –stable
oConscientiousness – organized, careful, disciplinds – goes up as older
oExtroversion – sociable, affectionate, --stable comes down a little
oAgreeableness – soft herated, trusting, helpful
oNeuroticism – worried insecure, self-pitying –down
oNever set in stone
oGeneraltivity – personality being caring supportie, increased in middle
oMidlife crises stress, reevaluate life
Social Relationships
oSocial development neg. and pos.
Social Development in Middle Adulthood
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