ANTHR 201 Midterm: Anthro final

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WHAT IS CULTURE?
- Knowledge people acquire though experience
- How they should behave or act
- Help interpret situations around us
Culture shared, variable, learned, dynamic (traditional definition)
-“haed: a’t hae a ultue of oe peso – gives anticipation of how people will behave
-Variable: not all the same within every group there will be differences (not shared or
experienced equally)
-Learned: not biologically inherited product of someone being socialized, mostly by
observation
- Dynamic: changes over time all are historic
Culture is symbolic and practiced
-more than just knowledge, gives meaning
- something people do
-physical interactions with other people
Dialectic 2 halves that rely on their interaction with the other
Culture and culture systems always about producing differences
-hierarchy = about power
Common sense itealizatio of ultual ths ad ths appea Natual Atoio Gasi
- Used as counter to something someone does when someone does something stupid
- All of the cultural expectations people take for granted
- Things people are socialized to believe
- Hierarchies and inequalities should exist its okay
Cultural Myth Roland Barthes
- A concept independent of truth of falsity that comes to be a widely shared assumption of a
given culture
- Excludes other beliefs of how to look at world
- Something believed as a social construct is natural (racism)
- Gap with what says is happening and what actually is
- Culture change when gap cant be smoother over
NOTES ON DOING ANTHROPOLOGY VIDEO
- Gathering information that not always apparent immerse yourself
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- Cheesemakers not about knowledge, about know and feel, born into it
- Can shed light on human experiences not known
- Struggle how to share finding with the world
THE BASICS OF ETHNOGRAPHY
study of human culture
Book length analysis of research
Refers to whole process of study
Producing detailed description of cultural processes
- Long- term (12-24 months)
- Intensive
- Face to face research
- Participant observation (key defining aspect of anthropological research) study by actively
engaged
Immersion process
What distinguished anthropology from other social sciences
Way they generate theory not just methodology
Appropriate method to answer questions
Sacrifice bread for depth not always glorious
Discipline of a microcosm
RELATIVISM
- No culture superior, reject ethnocentrism- use yours to measure others (not unique to
anthropology)
- Understand cultural systems on their own terms
- Tech and communication = more info accessible
- Multiple perspectives at one time( opposite absolutism)
- Social Darwinism people different because pf where they were with development socially and
biologically
- Boaz = intellectually equal, all cultures complex
o diversity cant be measure same way
- Relativism and ethnocentrism opposites
- Ethnocentrism judge based off your own culture (colonialism)
GROUND-UP THEORY BUILDING
- Enthography helps us to understand:
o Culture in action
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o How individuals create/modify concepts to make sense of the world
o How social phenomena emerge from everyday practice
o Do’t stat ith theo – work/study then figure it out afterwards as they study, based
on experiences
E: Baliese okfight Deepl Pla
Clifford Geortz(symbolic anthropology ) -culture system of inherited
conceptions expressed n symbolic forms by means of which people
communicate, perpetuate, and develop their knowledge and attitudes toward
life
’s eseah
Train, put spurs fight to the death
Illegal and important social event in Bali money betted
Sociologists = irrational behavior classified does’t ake sese, too isk
Geortz wrong, more going on, need to spend time with them to understand =
woven into cultural/social cohesion
Double meaning (in English and Bali) about men who own the roosters = pride
(powerful rich men who do)
Not same as two men fighting no social consequences
Big bets placed by big men and bets circulate small group of people families
who place betting community solidarity in betting
AAA ETHICS STATEMENT 1971
- Foundation, honor code
- Responsibility to those who they study
- Conflict of interest individuals come first
- Everything in their power to protect social, physical, and psychological welfare
- Honor, dignity and privacy
- 1979 colonies gone, independent states = effect on anthropology
- Ian Gloria credited with Indian studies post-colonial
o Edgy
o Britain strong hold in Africa and India studies those areas not as common for American
Anthropologists
- Post world war switch to study of peasants
o Lowest of society
o Produce for themselves
o Suspected most to be communists
- CIA and State department funded because threat of communism bombed the cities = problem
- “oial siee should’t e used fo a – trust was lost
DEATH WITHOUT WEEPING
- Shepard Huges controversial
- ’s thik of gloal pitue oe
- Ethics preclude culture
- Responsibility to improve status of subjects
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