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BIOL 240- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 24 pages long!)
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Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 240
Professor
gonzalez

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KU
BIOL 240
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
JANUARY 19th,2017
BASIC TERMINOLOGY
All things are relative
Anatomical position consists of:
- Body erects
- Hands at sides
- Palms forward
- Feet parallel
Body Planes- division of bodies into different
halves and sections
- Coronal plane
o Frontal and dorsal aka front and
back
- Transverse plane
o Dividing into suferior and inferior
halves
o Upper and lower
- Sagittal/parasagittal
o Divides body into right and left
halves
o When directly in the middle of
the body, known as midsagittal
Although it can be off the
midline
Prone Position = body is on its stomach
Supine position = body on its back
Anatomical Directions
- Superior- up, inferior- down
o For the trunk
- Medial- close to midline, lateral- away from midline
- Proximal- closer to the trunk, distal- away from the trunk
o Upper and lower limbs
Ex. Thumb is distal from my foot
- Anterior = front/ventral, posterior = back/dorsal
- Ipsilateral- things on the same side of the body, contralateral- on opposite sides of body
- Deep- closer to the core of the body, superficial- closer to exit of body/outer
o Ex. The sweat gland is suferior to the fat tissue
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Axial Skeleton consists of:
- Head
- Neck
- Trunk
Appendicular skeleton- all the other bones, not within the axial skeleton
Regional parts of the Body
- Superior and inferior usually refer to parts of the body within the head, neck, and trunk
Joints= Articulations
- Joints are formed when two bones are connected
Types of muscle attachment to bones:
Origin
o Attaches to stationary bone, usually proximal
Insertion
o Attaches to moveable bone, distal
o Away from midline
Actions
- Flexion/Extension
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
[BIOL 240] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com JANUARY 19 ,2017 BASIC TERMINOLOGY All things are relative Anatomical position consists of: - Body erects - Hands at sides - Palms forward - Feet parallel Body Planes- division of bodies into different halves and sections - Coronal plane o Frontal and dorsal aka front and back - Transverse plane o Dividing into suferior and inferior halves o Upper and lower - Sagittal/parasagittal o Divides body into right and left halves o When directly in the middle of the body, known as midsagittal ▪ Although it can be off the midline Prone Position = body is on its stomach Supine position = body on its back Anatomical Directions - Superior- up, inferior- down o For the trunk - Medial- close to midline, lateral- away from midline - Proximal- closer to the trunk, distal- away from the trunk o Upper and lower limbs ▪ Ex. Thumb is distal from my foot - Anterior = front/ventral, posterior = back/dorsal - Ipsilateral- things on the same side of the body, contralateral- on opposite sides of body - Deep- closer to the core of the body, superficial- closer to exit of body/outer o Ex. The sweat gland is suferior to the fat tissue find more resources at oneclass.com
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