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BIOL 1201 Study Guide - Final Guide: Saltatory Conduction, Adrenal Gland, Light-Independent Reactions

Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOL 1201
Study Guide

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1. Where are steroids produced?
a. Adrenal glands (gonads)
2. How many K+ channels are there? Na+?
a. 1,2
3. What is responsible for transduction?
a. Photoreceptors (rods and cones)
4. The pancreas produces:
a. Glucagon and insulin
5. Adaptation _________ sensory reception
a. Decreases
6. CNS contains the:
a. Brain and spinal chord
7. The horizontal cells are involved in the integration of:
a. Sensory information
8. What two glands connect?
a. Hypothalamus and anterior pituary
9. What are a bunch of molecules of C6H12O2 together?
a. Polysaccharide
10. Plant hormone for budding?
a. Gibberellin
11. What is the relationship between DNA, chromosomes, and genes?
a. Chromosomes contain genes which are made up of DNA
b. DNA makes up genes which make up chromosomes
12. NA+ has ____ gates. K+ has ____ gates.
a. 2,1
13. What is auxin not known for?
a. Saving the cell ATP
14. How many possible gametes with A/A? A/a?
a. 1,2
15. What is not involved in the protein synthesis?
a. Aythig that is’t a riosoe, tRNA, RNA, ad rRNA
16. In the picture of muscle contraction, which bands decrease in size and which ones stay
the same? H/I/A
a. Decreases, decreases, stays the same
17. Rods and cones are _____ for the eye.
a. Transduction
18. How many capillary beds are in a portal system from the heart back to the heart?
a. 2
19. What is converted into G3P by the Calvin Cycle?
a. CO2
20. How do myelin sheaths conduct?
a. Saltatory conduction
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21. RNA polymerase binds to the:
a. Promoter
22. Which does seed germination?
a. Cytokinins
23. Glycolysis and Krebs cycle produce ATP via
a. Substrate level
24. ______ secrete the most hormones
a. anterior pituary
25. how do muscles move the skeleton?
a. Contraction
26. How many neurons can synapse with one another?
a. Many
27. What does T4 do?
a. Regulates the metabolism
28. What is not done by the hypothalamus?
a. Release hormones directly on the gonads
b. Subject to negative responses from the hormone it releases
c. Feedback from the hormones it releases
d. 5 total things
29. which bond connects the nitrogenous bases?
a. Hydrogen
30. Plant hormones often work in groups of _____, in _______ with eachother.
a. 2, opposition
31. if curare binds to all the (some huge word) receptors that would normally trigger a raise
in membrane potential, but does not react this will ________ the chances of the action
potential firing.
a. Decrease
32. We know taste because it:
a. Stimulates different parts of the brain
33. What type of neurons connect sensory and motor neurons?
a. Interneurons
34. What molecule is converted into G3P by the Calvin Cycle?
a. CO2
35. What part of the neuron do action potentials flow down?
a. Axon
36. How many capillary beds are between the heart and portal system?
a. 2
37. What is responsible for amplification?
a. Not amacrine-ganglion
38. Which hormone has seed dormancy?
a. Cytokinins
39. Usually inside is _____ but rush of Na+ make inside _______ and outside _____ briefly.
a. Negative, positive, negative
40. What is the oditio of a oral ell’s erae potetial?
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