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Final

BIOL 1201 Study Guide - Final Guide: Protein Biosynthesis, Electron Shell, Monosaccharide


Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOL 1201
Professor
Moroney, James
Study Guide
Final

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EXAM 1
1. Atoms that have a full outer electron shell tend to:
a). be stable and nonreactive.
2. Which is an example of a carbohydrate?
b). chitin
MATCHING: For questions 3 - 5 mark the letter of the compound listed in the column below that best
answers the question. AN ANSWER MAY BE USED MORE THAN ONCE.
3. This molecule is a simple sugar B
4. This molecule is a fatty acid A
5. This molecule is a nucleotide D
6. Ribosomes are found with ______________ where they are involved with ___________.
c). rough ER, protein biosynthesis
7. Which of the following is TRUE of both starch and cellulose?
d). They are both polymers of glucose.
! 1
A
C
E
D
B

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8. Which of the following is an example of secondary protein structure?
d). a β-sheet occurs
9. 18O and 16O are different isotopes of oxygen. What makes them different?
b). 18O has two more neutrons than 16O.
10. Which of the following is an example of a hydrogen bond?
b). the bond between the H of one water molecule and the O of another water molecule
11. You are looking at a cell under the microscope. It has a nucleus, a cell wall but no chloropasts. What
type of cell is it?
c). a fungal cell
MATCHING: For questions 12 - 14 mark the letter of the best answer listed in the column below that
best answers the question. AN ANSWER MAY BE USED MORE THAN ONCE.
a). mitochondria
b). lysosome
c). golgi apparatus
d). all of the above organelles
e). none of the listed organelles
12. This organelle contains membranes D
13. This organelle contains the enzymes for aerobic respiration A
14. This organelle contains DNA A
15. An atom having an atomic number of 7 and a mass of 15 would be expected to have _____
neutrons
b). 8
16. a 5 carbon sugar, has the following chemical formula.
c). C5H10O5
17. Membranes prevent the movement of Na+ and charged solutes in cells because _____.
c). membranes contain phospholipids
18. Oxygen atoms tend to form .
d). polar covalent bonds
! 2

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19. Which structure(s) below do all of the atoms have reasonable numbers of chemical bonds?
a). structure a
20. Which type of bond is formed by an equal sharing of electrons between atoms?
b). nonpolar covalent bond
21. Integral proteins would be expected to:
e). have hydrophobic regions.
MATCHING: For questions 22 - 24 mark the letter of the functional group listed in the column below that
best answers the question. AN ANSWER MAY BE USED MORE THAN ONCE.
a). hydroxyl group
b). amino group
c). methyl group
d). carboxylic acid
e). carbonyl group
22. C D 23. B 24. A
25. Which of the following elements has the same number of valence electrons as phosphorus?
b). nitrogen
26. The molecular formula of glucose is C6H12O6. What would be the molecular formula of a polymer
! 3
O
O
N
H
O
H
S
N
H
a
b
c
H
H
H
H
C
H
H
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