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HIST 1001 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - City, Christianity, Roman Empire


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1001
Professor
M.Dietz
Study Guide
Final

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HIST 1001

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The Roman Republic
I. Roman Culture and Society
A. The Farmer-soldier
1. Farmers who fought when were needed
B. Roman Religion
1. Polytheistic: believed in multiple gods
Three main gods:
o Jupiter
o Juno
o Minerva
As the Romans start conquering their gods start modernizing
2. Blood sacrifice
3. Burning Incense
4. Alters and Temples to gods
5. Cult to goddess of Vesta (Goddess of Hearth)
Romans believed the Rome was a big home and had a fire in the
center which was the heart
If the fire went out Rome would go out
One aspect connected to family
o In every house special shrine to Lares and Penates (pantry
gods) shows family was a big deal to romans
C. The Roman Family
1. Head was the father
Paterfamilias
2. Daughter lived with her husbands’ family
Married a little later than women in Greece
Lots of divorce
o People don’t want their family line to end
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2
o Adult adoption
3. Tombs had statues of the dead
4. Women
Did not have a political voice like those of Greek besides being a
Vestal Virgin
They were allowed to leave the house
5. Slaves
Dramatic increase
Only had first names
Clothing marked them as unfree, slave collars
Temples slaves, tutor and house slaves, agricultural slaves
o Worst job was mining life expectancy was 6 months
Were used in shows so punish them
Manumission
o Freed slaves; could happen in wills
II. The Decline of the Republic (source- Sallust: says wealth and power made it decline)
A. The Gracchi Brothers
1. Grandfather was Scipio Africanus
Beat Hannibal in second Punic War
2. Tiberius makes his way up latter as tribune
City is filled with thousands of homeless people so he brings it up
to the senate (source)
o Land reform bill
He decides at the end of his term he wants to stay
o They kill all of his supporters
3. Gaius runs for tribune ten years later but gets killed before
B. The Power of Roman Generals
1. Recruited to join their armies; even people that aren’t romans
2. Sulla
Senate was worried about his popularity so they tell him to come
home and that’s he is relieved of his duties
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