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MGT 3211 Final Notes (got 96%)

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Department
Management
Course
MGT 3211
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
MGT3211FinalStudyGuideChapter8EthicalIssuesRegardingtheNaturalEnvironmentEthicalObligationsViewthatbusinesshasanobligationtorespondtoenvironmentalcrisesisbecomingincreasinglyaccepted1990sbusinessesrealizedthattheirpracticeshadbeenwastefulandinefficientoBusinessleaderssawthatwastewasacostandthateliminatingwastewasagoodwaytobemoreenvironmentallyfriendlyandmoreprofitableimmediatelyandinthelongrunEliminatewastethroughrecyclingoralternativeproductdevelopmentExamplesescalatorswithmotionsensorsinsteadofrunningallnightandthechangetoflorescentlightbulbsBowiebusinesshasamoralaswellasalegalobligationtoobeyallenvironmentallawsoObediencetolawiswellrecognizedbutmanyinstanceswhereenvironmentalcontaminationhasoccurredthatwasinviolationofthelawoBeyondobediencetolawBowieplacesresponsibilityforprotectingtheenvironmentonconsumersIfconsumerswantmoreenvironmentallyfriendlyproductsmorecostlytheywilldemandthemConsumerstraditionallyhavenotbeenwillingtopaytheextracoststhustherehasbeeninsufficientdemandoArguesthatbusinesseshavetwoobligationswithrespecttotheenvironment1BusinessshouldnotlobbyagainstproposedenvironmentallegislationEnvironmentalproblemspublicproblemsthusthepoliticalprocessistheplaceforconsumerstoexpresstheirpreferenceforacleanenvironment2BusinesseshaveanobligationtoutilizetheirexpertisetoeducateconsumersregardingthecausesofenvironmentalharmtoeducateconsumersoOthershavecriticizedBowiessetofobligationsDenisArnoldandKeithBustosBusinessEthicsandGlobalClimateChangeUsetheexampleofharmcausedbybusinessesviagreenhousegasemissionsPointsoutthatthereisaconsensusthatanthropogeniccarbonemissionsarealteringtheearthsclimateinwaysthatareharmfulBowiesargumentfailsforfivereasonsamongthoseareoItisinapplicableinnondemocraticnationsoItfailstotakeintoaccountharmscausedbythosewhoarepowerlesstochangecurrentpracticesoItoverestimatesthepowerofconsumerstoinfluenceenvironmentalpracticesofbusinessArguesthatbusinessesshouldbeheldhistoricallyaccountablefortheirgreenhousegasemissionsfromthepointinrecenthistorywhenclimatechangewasdiscoveredConcludewithpublicpolicyrecommendationstorestrainthosebusinessesthathavenottakenresponsibilityfortheiremissionsJosephDesJardinsSustainabilityBusinesssNewEnvironmentalObligationArguesthatBowiespositionisthewrongwaytothinkaboutenvironmentalstobligationsofbusinessesinthe21centuryoBowiebelievesthatenvironmentallyfriendlypracticestypicallyimpedeprofitsoDesJardinsarguesforsustainablebusinesspracticesthatincludeenvironmentallysustainablepracticesthatarealsoprofitableArguesthatbusinesseshaveanethicalobligationtoconductbusinessinasustainablemannerDennisCooleytheissueofgeneticallymodifiedorganismsGMOsoSciencenowallowresearcherstoalterthegeneticmakeupofplantsandanimalsoIncropsthesemodificationsresultingreateryieldpestresistancedroughtresistanceandotherpropertiesbeneficialtoproducersoConsumersfearnegativeconsequencesfromconsumingGMOsaswellasthepotentialnegativeimpactthesetechnologiesmayhaveoncitizensinthedevelopingworldoPointsoutthattheethicaldebateoverGMOshasmainlyinvolvedUtilitarianArgumentsArguesthatthebestavailablescientificevidencesupportsthatGMOsareonbalancebeneficialandthatmostfearsaboutthemareunjustifiedoHismainconclusiontherearegoodutilitarianreasonsforsupportingtheuseandsaleofGMOsLandmarkEnvironmentalLawCasesUSSupremeCourtoUSvBestfoodsetal1998DealswiththeissueofwhetheraparentcorporationmaybeheldliableforthepollutingactivitiesofoneofitssubsidiariesCourtmaintainedthatliabilitydependsonthelevelofactiveparticipationandcontrolbythecorporationespeciallywherewrongfulpurposesareinvolvedmostnotablyfraudExploresseverallevelsofcorporateresponsibilitytoavoiddisposalofhazardousmaterialsoWhitmanvAmericanTruckingAssociationsInc2001ConcernstheissueofwhetheradministratorsoftheUSEnvironmentalProtectionAgencymaytakeintoconsiderationthecosttobusinessesofimplementingcongressionallymandatedenvironmentalstandardsTruckingcompaniessoughttoweakentheenforcementofenhancedairqualitystandardsCourtruledagainstthetruckingcompaniesmaintainingthatinmostcasesinvolvingcongressionallegislationthecostsofimplementationmaynotbetakenintoaccountIllustratesanincreasinglyrarebusinessresponsethatfocusesondefeatinglegislationintendedtoprotecttheenvironmentandhumanhealthAnalternativeresponseistoseekproactivesolutionsthataresimultaneouslyenvironmentallyandeconomicallysustainableBowieMoralityMoneyandMotorCarsoAgreesthatbusinesshasaspecialobligationtoprotecttheenvironmentbutdisagreesastowheretheobligationslieoBusinessdoesnthaveobligationaboveandbeyondwhatisrequiredbylawbutdoeshaveamoralobligationtoavoidinterveninginthepoliticalarenatoweakenlegislationBusinesseshaveanobligationtoobeythelawenvironmentallawsandallothersEnvironmentalistsdontneedaspecialobligationtoprotectagainstillegalactivitytheyneedonlyinsistthatbusinessobeythelawExxonoiltankerinadequatelytrainedcrewmandrovetankerwhilecaptainwasdrinkingbelowdeckoExxonviolatedmoralobligationtouseduecareandavoidnegligencenotaspecialobligationtotheenvironment
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