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Consequentialism Vs Deontology (got 93% on the test)

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2020
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All

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PHIL2020121113ConsequentialistvsDeontologicalEthicalTheoriesJohnStuartMillandImmanuelKantsrespectiveworksentitledUtilitarianismandGroundingfortheMetaphysicsofMoralsdiscussdifferentethicaltheoriesKantbelievesintheconsequentialisttheorywhileMillfollowsdeontologyConsequentialisminvolveslookingattheconsequencesofanactioninordertodetermineitsmoralworthOnthecontrarydeontologyexaminesthereasonormethodofanactiontodetermineitsmoralworthOnecanlookatbothethicaltheoriessimultaneouslyandapplythembothtoanactionandsometimestheyarejustdifferentmethodstoarriveatthesameconclusionThereareafewconnectionstoeachofthetheorieshowevertherulesandrequirementsofeachethicaltheorymakethemdifferentanddisconnectedforthemostpartTheethicaltheoriesthereforecannotbemeldedtogetherandappliedinasimilarwayConsequentialismconcernstheconsequenceaspectofadecisionInordertodetermineifanactionisjustonemustlookattheresultoncetheactioniscommittedThecourseorprocesstocompletethatactiondoesnotmatterinconsequentialismApersonsincentivesordrivetocompletethatactiondonothaveanyrelevanceeitherConsequentialistswanttodeterminethegreatestgoodforthegreatestamountofpeopleForexampletorturecanbejustifiedinconsequentialismasitmayrevealinformationtosavethelivesofmanyatthecostofoneActutilitarianismisatypeofconsequentialismthatalsoconsiderstheamountofhappinessthatisgainedbythatactionOnethatfollowsutilitarianismwouldtrytoavoidpainandseekoutanactionthatprovidesthemostpleasureJohnStuartMillwritesaboutthistypeofconsequentialisminbookfrom1863titledUtilitarianismInitMillexpandsupontheideasofJeremyBenthamsuchashisgreatesthappinessprincipleThis
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