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Exam 1 Definitions (got 94% in the course)

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Political Science
POLI 2051
All Professors

Chapter 1 American GovernmentAmerican Dreamideal of a happy successful life which often includes wealth a house a better life for ones children and for some the opportunity to grow up to be presidentConservativeone who favors limited government intervention particularly in economic affairsDemocracya system of government that gives power to the people whether directly or through elected representativesDirect Democracya system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority ruleGovernmentthe formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conductedIndirect Democracya system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalfLiberalone who favors greater government intervention particularly in economic affairs and in the provision of social servicesLibertarianone who believes in limited government interference in personal and economic libertiesMajority Rulethe central premise of direct democracy in which only policies that collectively garner the support of majority of voters will be made lawModeratea person who takes a relatively centrist or middleoftheroad view on most political issuesMonarchya form of government in which power is vested in hereditary kings and queens who govern in the interest of allNatural Lawa doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and as such can be understood by reasonOligarchya form of government in which the right to participate depends on the possession of wealth social status military position or achievementPersonal Libertya key characteristic of US democracy Initially meaning freedom from governmental interference today it includes demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices without governmental interference or discriminationPolitical CultureCommonly shared attitudes beliefs and core values about how government should operatePolitical Equalitythe principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the lawPolitical IdeologyThe coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individualsPoliticsthe study of who gets what when and howor how policy decisions are madePopular Consentthe principle that governments must draw their powers from the consent of the governedPopular Sovereigntythe notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the peopleRepublica government rooted in the consent of the governed a representative or indirect democracySatistone who believes in extensive government control of personal and economic libertiesSocial Conservativeone who believes that the government should support and further traditional moral teachingsTotalitarianismCommonly shared attitudes beliefs and core values about how government should operateChapter 2The ConstitutionArticles of The compact between the 13 colonies that created a loose league of friendship Confederationwith the national government drawing its powers from the statesBill Of Rightsthe first 10 amendments to the US const which largely guarantee specific rights and libertiesChecks and a constitutionally mandated structure that gives each of the three branches of Balancesgovernment some degree of oversight and control over the actions of the others
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