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POLI SCI EXAM 2 REVIEW (got 93% on the test)

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Political Science
POLI 2051
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Political Science Exam 2 ReviewCh 5 Public OpinionPublic OpinionThe collected attitudes of citizens on a given issue or questionWhy is it important Because in a democracy there must be some link between what the public thinks and what the government does The nature of that link can vary greatlyWho is most interested in Public Opinion Elected OfficialsPublic Opinion may influence government decisionmakingAcademicsSeek to understand why people behave the way they do The PeopleMay be motivated to become active in politics There is also the question of whether the public is capable of governingSurveys show that people are not very interested in politicsare ignorant of much that goes on politicallyRely heavily on cues and shortcuts rather than informed issue positionsWhere does public opinion come fromPolitical SocializationA complex process through which individuals become aware of politics learn political facts and form political valuesImportant to remember that socialization occurs throughout our livesWe can learn these things They occur throughout our livesGenerational effectsspecific age group uniquely affected by set of historical events Vietnam Great DepressionLife cycle effectspolitical views are influenced by maturation Period effectshistorical events affect everyone end of the cold war caused everyone to want to spend less on defenseAgents of Socializationfamily school mass media community interest groups education peers etcOur behavior may also be based on our biology perhaps we were born this wayNature vs Nurtureboth are importantHow do we know what public opinion isEarly Days We used to have to guessPresent Time Now we do pollsHow do they workThe Statistical Theory of SamplingThe statistical theory of samplinga sample of individuals selected by chance from any population is representative of that populationWhat determines the accuracy of a poll1 the way the sample is selected2 the size of the sample3 the way the survey is put togetherquestion wordingsurvey responses on welfare vs assisting the poorleading questionssocial desirabilityquestion claritydoublebarreled question two questions made into onequestion require knowledge the person doesnt haveoQuestion orderingSurvey responses on question about whether reporters should be able to report the news from other countries as they see fitQuestion ordering mattersMore people agree that communist reporters should be able to report the news from the US as they see fit if that question is asked after the question about US reporters being allowed into communist countriesFewer people are willing to allow communist reporters into the US if the one about US reporters being allowed into communist countries does not precede that questionPolls are designed to measure opinion but they can also affect opinions and the political process as well How does this occur1 Polls affect people2 Polls affect candidates and politicians3 Polls affect media coverage4 Polls affect election resultsHow do polls affect opinionbandwagon and underdog effects they affect candidates politicians media coverage and even election resultsClass survey 1 Students identify themselves as more Republican and Conservative than Democrat and Liberal2 Students identify their parents as more extreme than themselves in terms of party identification3 Political SocializationStudents are strongly correlated with the party of their parentsBoth women and men are more closely related to their mothers than their fathersThis seems to be particularly true for menMothersFathersWomen 6157
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