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Ch 16

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Louisiana State University
PSYC 2000

Chapter 16 Social PsychologySocial psychology how other people influence our thoughts feelings and actions Attribution principles used to judge causes of events and our own and others behaviorAttribution Theory concerned with when and how people ask Why questions1Dispositional attribution internal decide cause of a persons behavior is something about him or her ex Guy bumps into you and doesnt apologize bc hes a jerk2Situational attribution external Decide cause of a persons behavior was something about situation ex Guy didnt notice he bumped into you bc there were so many people you feel neutral about it3Errors of attribution we tend to make dispositional attributionsaFundamental attribution error misjudging causes of others behavior overestimating internal personal factors and underestimating external situational influences part of it is cultural focus is on the individualiRole of perceptual salience in fundamental attribution error person is more obvious than situation more focused on them than on the situation bSelfserving bias taking credit for our successes and externalizing our failuresPrejudice and DiscriminationPrejudice an attitude usually negative toward members of some group based solely on membership in that group Discrimination negative actions toward groups that are targets of prejudice As prejudice is a particular kind of attitude we can draw two implications1Prejudices act as a type of schema process information differently 2Prejudices can be implicit can be triggered by simple exposure to group Sources of Prejudice1Prejudice and stereotypes save cognitive effort Allport stereotyping is the law of least effort 2Evolution maybe idea is you take care of your own genes first3Social learning view prejudice is acquired through direct observation and internalization of social norms Socialization process by which children learn conventional rules of their surroundingsChildren may simply learn to imitate prejudices of adults and friendsChildren may be positively reinforced for using derogatory racial humorThe may simply learn to associate particular minority groups with poverty crime dirtiness and other negative characteristics4Realistic Conflict different groups are competing with each other over scarce and valuable materials maintained because it offers sifnigicant economicpolitical advantages for group in charge
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