PSYC 3083 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Counseling Psychology, Sigmund Exner, Positiva Records
29 pages109 viewsWinter 2013
Course CodePSYC 3083
PSYC 3083- Exam 1
1) There are 5 clinical psychology/history overview questions
2) There are 4 questions involving specific theorists
3) There are about 14 questions about ethics/principles - nothing to memorize; mostly have to know/understand the
principle/ethic in question (e.g., sexual intimacies, gift giving, torture, boundaries)
4) 2 questions about In-treatment
5) Probably 17 questions about issues in the practice of therapy and related concepts like therapeutic relationship,
cultural sensitivity, transference, & cases I've presented in class and what the issues are in those cases.
6) Probably 8 questions about the DSM (know axes & meaning of GAF )
Clinical Psychology: the application of psychological knowledge and tecniques to alleviate distress and promote health.
- conducting and using scientific research
- assessment (interviews and testing)
- application of various psychotherapeutic techniques
Lightner Witner: study of individuals by observation or experimentation with the intention of promoting change
Definition of Counseling
- to alleviate distress and maladjustment
- increase ability to function
Counseling Psychology is unique in its attention both to normal and abnormal human development
Psy.D // “Practitioner-Scholar Model”
// more clinical practice // less emphasis on research
Ph.D // “Scientist Practitioner Model”
Models of Therapeutic Intervention
Clinical psychologists use a variety of therapeutic techniques
- Systems (e.g. family or couples therapy),
“eclectic” approach – combines two or more techniques or models
THE BIG THREE
- developed out of the Psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud.
Psychodynamic – see a patient once or twice a week
Psychoanalysis – see a patient four or five times a week, more in depth (expensive)
Modern day psychodynamic approach focuses on conflict
+ how has the patient resolved the conflict? healthy/unhealthy
(explore unconscious, what went on in childhood, free association, analysis of defenses and transferences).
Defenses: anything that you do that helps you cope with anxiety. Not a conscious decision.
Ex. Projection: project what’s in your unconscious on someone else
Denial: (ex. cigarette smoking) doesn’t believe they’re affected
Regression, Rationalization, Reaction Formation, Identification with Aggressor
There is an Infinite Number: anything can be a defense mechanism if it serves the purpose of defense
and is unconscious
ex. heterosexual male – “serial adventurer”
defense mechanism – moves on from relationship to relationship to
- reduce anxiety of homosexuality
- avoid getting to close, past abuse/abandonment
Take some relationship from your past and impose it on someone else.
Male client working with female therapist
has issues with mother, begins to treat therapist as mother
Transferences therapists have to patients
occur because of unresolved issues in your past
or you’re reacting to something the patient does that upsets/disturbs you
whenever the therapist is acting in a non-neutral way to the patient
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