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EXAM 3 FINAL (got 96%)

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3083
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
1EXAM3BEHAVIORTHERAPY1BehaviorTherapytreatmentthatfocusesonchangingorreducingtheoccurrenceofsomemaladaptivebehaviorasopposedtosimplyexaminingtheunconsciousconflictsoraspectsassociatedwiththemaladaptivebehaviorWATSONsEXTREMEENVIRONMENTALISM2GivemeadozenhealthyinfantswellformedandmyownspecialworldtobringthemupinandIllguaranteetotakeanyoneatrandomandtrainhimtobeanytypeofspecialistImightselectdoctorlawyerartistmerchantchiefandyesbeggarmanandthiefregardlessofhistalentspenchantstendenciesabilitiesvocationsandraceofhisancestors1928BelievedenvironmenttobeeverythingDEFINITIONS3ALEARNINGrelativelypermanentchangeinbehaviororbehaviorpotentialduetoexperienceBBEHAVIORISMthestudyofobservablebehaviorenvironmentsroleasadeterminantofbehaviorResearchonlearninghasbeeninfluencedbythisapproachCCONDITIONINGtheassociationbwenvironmentalstimuliandresponsestoorganismsresponsesTYPESOFCONDITIONING41CLASSICALCONDITIONINGprimitivereflexiveresponsesarelearnedELICITEDLEARNEDProcesswhichapreviouslyneutralstimulusacquiresthecapacitytoelicitaresponsethroughassociationwastimulusthatalreadyelicitsasimilarrelatedresponsePavlovsconditionedsalvationofdogsPARTSOFCLASSICNEWREFLEXESFROMOLDUnconditionedStimulusUSstimulusthatelicitsunconditionedresponseUnconditionedResponseURresponsethatautomaticallyproducedConditionedStimulusCSinitiallyneutralstimulusthatcomestoelicitaconditionedresponseafterbeingpairedwithanunconditionedstimulusConditionedResponseCRaresponsethatiselicitedbytheconditionedstimulusOccursaftertheCSisassociatedwiththeUSusuallysimilartoURHigherOrderConditioningaformoflearninginwhichapreviouslyneutralstimuluswhichnowhasreinforcingqualitiescanreinforceasecondpreviouslyneutralstimulusPapermoneyispreviouslyneutralmademeaningfulthruassociationwprimaryreinforcersStimulusGeneralizationstimulisimilartoconditionedstimuluselicitsimilarresponseChildlearnstorespectapoliceofficerinuniformnowrespectsfiremaninuniformStimulusDiscriminationlearntoinhibitresponsestosimilarstimuliAdogwillcometohisownerswhistlebutnottoasimilarwhistleofaResponseGeneralizationemitrangeofsimilarresponsestoonestimulusExatapartyweemitpartybehaviorsExtinctionanonreinforcedresponseresultsintheweakeningeventualdisappearanceoftheresponseoccurswhentheconditionedstimulusisnolongerpairedwiththeunconditionedstimulusHabituationrepeatedexposureresultsinnoresponseOrientingresponseworeinforcementthatdecreasesvsextinctionSpontaneousRecoveryaperiodoftimehaselapsedfollowingextinctiontheremaybeaburstofresponsesoftheoldbehaviorindicatingthattheorganismhasnotforgottenorunlearnedthebehaviorResistancetoExtinctionthelongertheresistancetoextinctionthemorepowerfulthelearningFEAR142FearcanbelearnedthruassociationLittleAlbertWatsonRaynorconditionedchildtofearwhiteratsbypairingneutralstimulusratswunconditionalstimulusloudnoisemakeschildcryFeargeneratedtowardotherfurryobjectsSUCCESSnotgoodforkidUNLEARNINGFEAR15CounterconditioningprocessofpairingaconditionedstimuluswithastimulusthatelicitsaresponsethatisincompatiblewithanunwantedconditionedresponseExChildsfearofrabbitswasremovedbypairingthestimulusthatelicitedfearwithastimulusthatelicitedhappinessFORENSICS16StoryManclaimedthathelosttoneperceptioninanindustrialaccidentandhesuedthecompanyforalargesumofmoneyCleverhedidnotclaimhelosthearingInsurancecompanyhiredapsychologistwhoclassicallyconditionedaGalvanicSkinResponseGSRtomiddleConthepianoEachtimeheplayedmiddleCtothepatientaslightelectriccurrentwasappliedtotheskinGSRIFmantrulydidnothavetoneperceptiontheneachnotefurtherbelowandabovemiddleCshouldsoundjustlikemiddleCnostimulusdiscriminationflatcurvemeasureGSRrevealedinvertedVcurveDISCRIMINATIONPRESENTBEHAVIORALTHERAPIESACQUIRINGPHOBIAS34NoteveryoneequallyconditionableDependsonCNSgeneticslearninghistoryexpectationsandpreparednessStressinoculationcanreduceoccurrenceofphobiasandotherneuroticreactionsBehaviortherapistsAABTrelyheavilyonthescienceoflearningtheoryandareconcernedwiththeindividualslearninghistoryBTsarguethattrustandunderstandingisimportanttothetherapeuticrelationshipEXPOSURETHERAPIES36PrinciplesofExposureaExtinctionbPreventionofescapeoravoidancecSystematicDesensitizationreciprocalinhibitionisabehavioraltreatmentforphobiasfearsandanxietiesbasedonextinctionandcounterconditioningDevelopedbyJosephWolpeMDbasedonclassicaloperantconditioningBeginswtrainingrelaxationcognitiveskillsthatcounterfearanxietyresponsesMayinvolvemeditationorprogressiverelaxationcognitivereframingreappraisalIrrationalfearsconsequencesarediscussedGOALonecannotbebothfearfulandrelaxedatthesametimePatienttherapistcreateahierarchyoffearsregardingplaneslowest1highest10PatienttrainedinprogressiveordeeprelaxationtechniquesandlearnsappropriateselftalkExpatientstartsholdingapictureofaplanewhilerelaxingandtalkingrationallyaboutplanesThenexposedtothenextlevelinthehierarchywhichmaybeholdingamodelplanandpracticesrelaxationandrationalthinkingEventuallygetsonplaneinvivoimaginalexposureEYEMOVEMENTDESENSITIZATIONREPROCESSINGEMDR39DevelopedbyFrancineShapirodealswPTSDlikeemotionalproblemsArgueseyemovementsleftrightwhileworkingonissueshelpstoneurologicallyreprocesstraumaticmemoriesOthersarguethatEMDRissimplyexposureordesensitizationtherapyeffectiveasCBTSSRIsFLOODING40WolpeFloodingmassiveexposuretofearstimuluswithnoescapeeventuallyfearsextinguishExampleofPunishmentAversionTherapyforcingsomeonetosmokeuntilhegetssick
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