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PSYC 4008 EXAM 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 4008
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
1EXAM1CHAPTERS12CHAPTER1IHistoriographythestudyofwritinghistoryHistoryisSELECTIVEcanonlyrecordwhatisRELEVANTHavetousebestjudgmentHistoriansmustAVOIDBIASthru2Perspectives1PRESENTISMinterpretinghistoryfrompointofviewknowntodayatmomentExplaineventsastheysawitcaninterpretuponreflectionExWhatIbelieveabout9112HISTORICISMinterpretationbasedontextStatingwhatwasintheirtimeIIPresentismvsHistoricismPRESENTISMusingpresentknowledgeviewpointtointerpretpasteventsProblempotentialtobedismissivecondescendingHISTORICISMunderstandingthecontextbyobservinghistoryfromtheirpointofviewProblempotentialtomakeeventseemlessrelevanttothepresentIIIInternalvsExternalHistoryINTERNALhueascloselyaspossibleaboutthesubjectFocusonsubjectaspossibleEXTERNALfocusonothersubjectsrelatingtosubjectPlacingdevelopmentsonafieldofgreatercontextdevelopingtheideathatchangeisthrutimeIVPersonalisticvsNaturalisticHistoryPERSONALISTIChistoricalchangewasrelevantduetoparticularkeyfiguresexDarwinEvolutionEdwinBoringpreeminenthistorianofpsychologyRobertWatsonpsychologyhistorybookthatpsychologychangedthrutimebycertainpeoplePrescriptiveTheoryguidelinesthatcharacterizedbeliefsseenasoppositesTypicallythe18pairsleftrighttendedtobesharedalongSAMECOLUMNTypicallythosethatfoundtraitsonLEFTcolumnagreedwtraitsonLEFTmoreoftenthanonRIGHTFoundedfirstjournalofpublicationsofarticlesrelatingtohistoryofpsychologyNATURALISTICexternalfactorsmadeimportantcontributionstohistoryotherthankeyfiguresthoughtheytooareimportantZeitgeistPersonalisticvsOrtgeistNaturalisticZeitgeistspiritoftimeCharlesDarwinproposedtheTheoryofEvolutionOrtgeistspiritofplaceplacesthathaveanintellectualclimatetranscendarepersistentthrutimePlacecanactasanintellectualatmosphereexSouthernwritierswereasimminentastheywereVWatsonsPrescriptionsdichotomouspointsofviewestablishedbyROBERTWATSON1DETERMINISMINDETERMINISMDeterminismthereexistsacausetoexplainforeverythingProbablybelievethatifyouwantedyoucouldyelloutobscenityIndeterminismnotionoffreewillthingsoccurinfreeformVeryfewpsychologicalbeliefsareindeterministbelievetheretobeaunderlyingcauseTendtoleantowardfreewillBehaviorsaremoredeterministsocialnormsconditioningreinforcementBothsharefromadeterministpointofview2EMPIRICISMRATIONALISMEmpiricismbasebeliefsonexperienceEpistemologythescienceoftoknowEpistemRationalismtruthcomesindependentofexperienceTruthcanbestbedeterminedifoneavoidstheweaknessofexperience3INDUCTIVISMDEDUCTIVISM
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