[PSY 101] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 13 pages long Study Guide!

241 views13 pages
7 Feb 2017
School
Department
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.

MSU
PSY 101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
The Science of Psychology
!
Basic Research
!Research!conducted!to!advance!
scientific!research;!generally!done!in!
university!and!research!labs!!
Applied Research
!Research!designed!to!solve!practical!
problems;!data!is!typically!used!for!
real!world!application!!
Scientific Method Steps
1.!Question!and!Review!Literature!!
2.!Testable!Hypothesis!!
o!Testable!prediction!about!
how!one!thing!is!related!to!
another!!
o!Operational!Definition:!!
Description!of!how!the!variables!
in!a!study!will!be!observed!and!
measured!!
3.!Research!Designs!!
o!Descriptive!Research!!
!Observe,!collect!and!
record!!
o!Correlational!Research!!
!Identify!relations!and!
how!well!one!variable!
predicts!another!!
o!Experimental!Research!!
!Identify!cause!and!
effect!
!
!
!
!
!
Descriptive Research
!Naturalistic!Observation!!
o!Observing!and!recording!
behavior!and!mental!
processes!in!someone’s!
natural!state!or!habitat!
!Survey!
o!Questions!a!large!sample!of!
people!to!assess!their!
behaviors!and!attitudes!!
o!Not!always!accurate!!
!Case!Study!!
o!In‐depth!study!of!a!single!
research!participant!or!small!
group!
Correlational Research
!Variables!are!observed!or!measured!
to!identify!relationships!between!
them!!
!Correlation!does!not!prove!
causation!!
!0!=!not!relation!!
!The!closer!to!1,!the!stronger!the!
relationship!!
!+!=!both!going!up/down!!
!‐!=!one!down!one!up!!
!A!statistical!r!indicates!that!strength!
and!direction!of!the!relationship!
between!two!variables!!
Experimental Research
!Carefully!controlled!scientific!
procedure!that!involves!the!
manipulation!of!variables!to!
determine!cause!and!effect!!
!Key!features!! !
o!Independent!variable!
o!Dependent!variable!!
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o!Experimental!group!VS!
control!group!!
o!Random!assignment!!
!
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class