psych exam 4 4/3/2013 7:24:00 AM
Social psychology- the study of the causes and consequences of sociality.
Social cognititon- process by which people come to understand others.
Stereotyping- process by which people draw inferences about
others based on knowledge of the category to which others belong.
o The primacy effect is the principle that the first information
learned about someone is the most powerful
Perceptual confirmation- when observers perceive what they expect
Self fulfilling prophecy- tendency to cause what they expect
Illusionary correlation- seeing a pattern of a relationship between 2
variables where no relationship exists.
Stereotypes are overused
Stereotyping is automatic
Implicit association test:
Prejudice is a positive or negative evaluation of another based on
their group membership
Scapegoat theory- prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing
someone else to blame.
Ingoup vs. outgrup bias.
Contact hypothesis- increasing contact and familiarity reduces
Superordinate goals- goals that require people to cooperate in order