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# Test One Review.docx

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School
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCL 1101
Professor
Shelley Mc Donough Kimelberg
Semester
Spring

Description
Nicole Hicks Sociology 1101 -- Exam One Review READ CHAPTER FIVE OF THE BOOK. Or whatever it is.  Test Info o ~40 multiple choice questions  What to Study o Look for things that are overlapped in readings and lectures o Review each of the topics listed on the "Agenda" slides from each class o Define all terms introduced this semester in class o Skim all readings for basic ideas o Make a list of any questions for our in-class review session on the 4th o Optional: Think of what might be good questions... and post them on Blackboard under Exam One Prep by Feb. 3rd at 8:00pm Let's Do Some Key Terms!  Independent variables are what you're manipulating, that you think would have an effect on the dependent variable (like the breakfast you're eating if you're looking at if eating helps increase test scores)  A correlation is when two variables vary together. There is a relationship. HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THEIR RELATIONSHIP (one doesn't cause or really relate to the other)  Causality means that not only are they related, but one is directly responsible for the other (independent/dependent)  Two variables seem to be related but in fact it is a third variable that might be responsible = spurious correlation (So, when a lot of fire fighters go to a fire, they cause a lot of damage. NO. It's when a fire is bigger, more fire fighters show up. The size of the fire is what causes the damage) OR (height and IQ look like they're related...but really it's more like age and IQ)  You think A is causing B, but really B is causing A = reverse causality  If something is valid, you're measuring what you intend to be measuring  Your study is reliable if you do the same study again and you get the same data  Generalizability = You can apply your study to a bigger audience/population  Research methods: o Ethnography requires qualitative data, or participant observation (you become part of the group you're studying) o Audit studies aren't super common because they're hard to do... they strictly control variables, and are often used to look at discrimination o Content Analysis looks at media and whatnot. Watch a t.v. show from the 80s and then now, counting how many times someone dies to see if the media now portrays more death o Surveys... o The big divide between data gathering methods -- Qualitative (people, conversations, emotions) vs. Quantitative (data, numbers, easily converted to numerical form). You pick which type based on the question you want to answer, the sample size/population access,  The big divide between what you research is MACRO (big level structural things, like looking at the spread of communism) vs. MICRO (all about small level interactions, like do people in a town move out of the way of others)  MUST KNOW THREE NAMES: o Marx - Conflict Theory, class issues motivates change in society. Everyone is competing for the same resources, esp. economic. It all comes down to Proletariat (workers) versus. Bourgeois (employers). Alienated the workers from their product (they never get to see the end) o Weber - The outlier...lots of different ideas. He wrote about bureaucracy and the "iron cage," religion (tied it to the development of capitalism), how people could become alienated from work (why are they here doing this nonsense) through bureaucracy o Derkheim - Functionalism. Macro guy. Big on division of labor! All about organic solidarity, where everyone is interdependent because we're so specialized in what we can each do. Get rid of this mechanical solidarity, where we all do the same thing and have the same beliefs.  Also, positivism = you can study social behaviors like they're facts, like in physics.  (Positivism) - Comte developed this... it kick-started everything else. The notion that you can actually study social behavior using scientific methods  KNOW THREE THEORIES: o Conflict Theory - Macro level. Conflict (mostly class/economic) drives society. Change happens in big revolutionary ways o Functionalism - Macro level. Everyone has their own role and they work together for the better of the whole. Inequality is inevitable. Sees change as happening in l
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