ENVS 3101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 109 pages long!)

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5 Dec 2017
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NSU
ENVS 3101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SET 1
Define Health.
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease
and infirmity - WHO 1947
A dynamic state or condition of the human organism that is multi-dimensional in nature, a
resource for living, and results from a person's interactions with and adaptations to his or her
environment
What is WHO?
World Health Organization
Define community.
Group of people who have common characteristics; can be defined by location, race, ethnicity,
age, occupation, interest, or other common bond
Like Tri 3 Community
Define Public Health.
"what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy"
(IOM, 1988)
Define Community Health.
the health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect,
and preserve their health
Define Population Health.
the health status of people who are not organized and have no identity as a group or locality and
the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health
Define Community health activities.
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Those aimed at protecting or improving the health of a population or community
Define Personal health activities.
Individual actions and decision-making that affect the health of an individual or his or her
immediate family
What are the Overarching Goals of Healthy People 2020?
- Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature
death.
-Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups.
-Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all.
-Promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages.
What is Herd Immunity?
The resistance of a population to the spread of an infectious agent based on the immunity of a
high proportion of individuals
How long has Community and Public Health been practiced?
Almost as long as the history of civilization
Describe public health in the Earliest Civilizations?
• Many community health practices went unrecorded
• Practices may have involved taboos, rites, and spiritual beliefs
• Archeological evidence of community health activities dating back to 2000 B.C.
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