PSYC 2010- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 64 pages long!)

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4 Dec 2017
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NSU
PSYC 2010
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SET 1
Analytic introspection
A procedure used by early psychologists in which trained participants described their
experiences and thought processes elicited by stimuli presented under controlled conditions.
Behavioral approach to the study of the mind
When the mind is studied by measuring a person's behavior and by explaining this behavior in
behavioral terms.
Behaviorism
The approach to psychology, founded by John B. Watson, which stated that observable behavior
is the only valid data for psychology. A consequence of this idea is that consciousness and
unobservable mental processes were considered not worthy of study by psychologists.
Choice reaction time
Reacting to one of two or more stimuli. For example, in Donders' experiment (see Chapter 1),
participants had to make one response to one stimulus, and a different response to another
stimulus.
Cognition
The mental processes involved in perception, attention, memory, language, problem solving,
reasoning, and making decisions.
Cognitive psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of the mental processes involved
in perception, attention, memory, language, problem solving, reasoning, and decision making. In
short, cognitive psychology is concerned with the scientific study of the mind and mental
processes.
Cognitive revolution
A shift in psychology, that began in the 1950's, from the behaviorist approach to an approach in
which the main thrust was to explain behavior in terms of the mind. One of the outcomes of the
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cognitive revolution was the introduction of the information-processing approach to studying the
mind.
Cognitive science
The interdisciplinary approach to the study of the mind. Cognitive science includes a wide net of
disciplines including computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, artificial intelligence,
philosophy, and psychology.
Information-processing approach
The approach to psychology, developed beginning in the 1950s, in which the mind was seen as
processing information through a sequence of stages.
Long-term memory
A memory mechanism that can hold large amounts of information for long periods of time.
Long-term memory is one of the stages in the modal model of memory.
Mental chronometry
Measuring the time-course of mental processes.
Mental rotation
Rotating an image of an object in the mind. Shepard and Metzler's experiment provided evidence
that people use this method when asked to determine whether two depictions are of the same
object viewed from different angles or are two different objects.
Modal model of memory
The model proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin describing memory as a mechanism that involves
processing information through a series of stages, which include short term memory and long-
term memory. It is called the modal model because of the great influence it has had on memory
research.
Model
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