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Comprehensive Notes for Exam 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2300
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Review Test 1 09/11/2013 When new data requires that a theory become more complicated, the theory: Is immediately discarded Is less parsimonious Is considered to be falsifiable Is disproved Which of the following is a source of empirical evidence? A thermometer (the theory data cycle) A logical argument An expert opinion Common sense ______ is not intended to address a specific, practical problem in science basic research  translational research applied research falsifiable research Hypothesis: prediction Weight of evidence: incremental validity means multiple weights of evidence We never prove something, something just gains weight as it has more support Reading a journal:  Fastest way to get all info: read abstract and conclusion Methods tells who participated, how you gave the test Results tells p­value, statistical findings After two students dom his school commit suicide, Mark thinks that the most likely cause of death in  teenagers is suicide. What type of bias is affecting in his thinking? The present/ present bias The confirmatory hypothesis The pop­up principle The strongest of the three categories (when looking at the sources for peoples belief) under the “based on  authority” section is: Could be based on the authority’s research Could be based on the authority’s personal experience Could be based on the authority’s intuition  In a developmental psych class, Trina leaned about Baumarind’s (1971, 1991) work on parenting styles. She  recognized that her parents used an authoritarian style of parenting, as did all her relatives. Since that was  the style of parenting she planned to use, she researched the advantages to that style, while ignoring any  disadvantages to it. What is the term for what she was doing? Cherry picking bias Hlda is studying the effects of major natural disasters on people living nearby. She finds that many of the  victims are depressed and shoe stress­related symptoms. She cannot conclude that the natural disasters  caused the depression and stress related symptoms because:  There is no comparison group Look at page 26 Subliminal messages Mary best is running an experiment and wants to make sure she has randomly assigned her 40  participannts to th
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