[ART H 112] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (46 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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PSU
ART H 112
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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2/3
Friday, February 3, 2017
1:26 PM
Mannerism/Northern Renasissance
Terms
o Mannerism/maniera
o Figura serpentina
o Triptych, polyptych
Three panels, more than three panels
o Predella
Bottom panel of an altarpiece
o Grisaille
Painting with black and white, monochrome
Used to paint sculpture
o Donor portrait
o Self-portrait
o Engraving
Key artists
o Parmigianino (1503-1540)
o Jacopo da Pontormo (1494-1557)
o Robert Campin (1375-1444)
o Jan van Eyck(1395-1441)
o Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
o Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516)
Notes
o Creation of Adam
Generalized and ideal
o Michelangelo, Last Judgement, 1536-1541
Cluttered
Chaotic
Mannerism
Style for the sake of style
Long bodies
Extra
Mannerism
Extra
Space
Bright colors
o Pontormo, Entombment of Christ, 1525-1528
Oil on wood
Compositional tension
Use of light is significant
Weird body contortions
Elongations
Still some figures with their backs to us
All the focus is on the figures, the only thing in the background is a singular cloud
o Practice Exam comparison
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Raphael, Madonna of the Meadows, 1505-06
Parmigianino, Madonna with the long neck, 1534-1540
R
More light colors
Happier background
Children look alive
Mary looks kind of sad
The trees aren’t really that natural looking? The plants don’t look that natural
Mary is more involved with the children
Blue draping on Mary
Atmospheric perspective (more than the other)
More idealistic
Unity
Represented as the true virgin Mary
Heavy use of primary colors
Triangle - pyramidal composition!!!!!
P
Mary has a really weird long neck
Small figure in the back
Strange use of space
She is huge
Christ looks dead
Random pillar in the background
Roman obelisk
Angels on the side, whereas in R's there is only Mary, Christ, and John the
Baptist
Blue draping on Mary
Background is dark and dismal
Lots of contrapposto
Atmospheric perspective
Not unified
Chiaroscuro, keyed up light
More sensual
Unstable composition
o Northern Renaissance
o Italian Renaissance v Northern Renaissance
Italian
Mathematically rigorous perspective
Balanced composition
Whole over part
Classical Influences
Northern
Intuitive perspective
Often crowded composition
Part over whole
Incredibly detailed
Fra Angelico, Annunciation (1438-1447)
Robert Campin, Merode Altarpiece (1425-1428)
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