[PSYCH 212] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (11 pages long)

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6 Feb 2017
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PSYCH 212
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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01-11-2017 PSYCH 212
Lecture 1
I. Victor: The Wild Boy of Aveyron
a. Found at age 12 outside a French village - 1800
i. Naked and very athletic primal
b. Had gro up ad deeloped to this poit as opletel uiilized ad ild
c. Psychiatrist Itard tamed the boy
i. Usig oditioig, altered his soial ehaiors to eoe ore iilized
ii. Taught him how to speak
iii. Tracked his progress
d. First attempt to study human development in a developmentally delayed child
i. Results
1. Introduced the concept of nature vs. nurture
2. Vitor as reealed to e fudaetall er seet
a. Affectionate; had an innate desire to please others
3. Never learned to speak fluently; never completely socialized
a. Showed similar characteristics to autism
II. Other wild children
a. Genie 1970 13 years old
i. Developed a strange gait as a result of being restrained in a seated position
during her neglect
ii. Low speaking skills
b. John mid 1980s 4 years old
i. The Ugada Moke Bo
1. Being surrounded by other primates monkeys benefited his
development, as the monkeys provided pseudo-human interaction
ii. More successful recovery
iii. Developmentally disabled reads and speaks at a kindergarten level
iv. Ehiits soe iature harateristis ad ehaiors
c. Oxana 1991 8 years old
i. The Ukraia Dog Girl
ii. Very successful recovery alost etirel oralized
d. Fundamental question: What is natural for humans?
i. Hear and experience language during early development
ii. Communicate and socialize with other humans
III. Formal study of child development
a. How do people change from conception through adolescence?
b. What remains the same from conception through adolescence?
IV. Developmental changes
a. Qualitative: difficult to quantify and anticipate; exploratory
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i. Ex: changing from nonverbal to verbal communication
b. Quantitative: difficult to analyze qualitatively; number or amount
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