Review questions – chapter 4 – Cognitive transitions
1. What are the main changes in cognition in adolescence?
2. How does thinking of possibilities change between childhood and adolescence?
What applications does this have for school subjects in adolescence?
3. What does thinking of possibilities have to do with hypothetical thinking?
4. What does an improved ability to think of abstract concepts have to do with puns,
metaphors and analogies? What applications does this have for school subjects in
5. What does improved ability to think of abstract concepts have for the types of
subjects adolescents think about?
6. Explain what metacognition is. What are the consequences of improved
7. Explain what Elkind’s personal fable and imaginary audience are.
8. What does it mean that adolescents develop the ability to think in multiple
dimensions? Explain to yourself with examples. How do understanding of
sarcasm and double-entendres relate to this?
9. What does it mean that adolescents become more relativistic in their thinking?
Theories of cognitive development
1. What are the stages of Piaget’s theory, and which one is applicable to
2. Explain what the competence-performance distinction is and in what respects it
applies to adolescents.
3. How do information-processing theorists approach the study of cognition?
4. How does attention develop in adolescence? Is there a difference betwe