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01:920:101 Final: Final Study Guide. Central Ideas & Theories.3


Department
Sociology
Course Code
01:920:101
Professor
Sergei Erofeev
Study Guide
Final

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Symbolic interactionism and everyday exchange
Symbolic interactionism- a theoretical approach in sociology developed by George Herbert
Mead that emphasizes the role of symbols and language as core elements in all human
interaction
Power and inequality
Power- the ability of individuals or members of a group to achieve aims or further their interests,
eve in the face of the resistance of others
Inequality
The main ideas of feminism
Advocacy of the rights of women to be equal with men in all spheres of life
Feminist theory
- a sociological perspective that emphasizes the centrality of gender in analyzing
the social world and particularly the uniqueness of the experience of women
Postmodernist theory and pluralism
Postmodernism:
the belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress; postmodern
society is highly pluralistic and diverse, with no grand narrative guiding its development
Pluralism
- a model for ethnic relations in which all ethnic groups in the United States retain their
independent and separate identities yet share equally in the rights and powers of citizenship
The difference between macrosociology and microsociology
Microsociology
- the study of human behavior in the context of face-to-face interaction
Macrosociology
- the study of large-scale groups, organizations, or social systems
Social structure - the underlying regularities or patterns in how people behave in their relationships
with one another
Social norms - the accepted behavior that an individual is expected to conform to in a particular
group, community, or culture
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