PSY 436 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Somatic Symptom Disorder, Panic Disorder, Panic Attack

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PSY 436 Exam 2 Review
1
Chapter 5:
- Don’t focus hard on treatments
- Be able to recognize disorder by symptoms
1. Neuroses:
traditionally included anxiety, dissociative, and somatoform disorder.
2. Neuroses factors:
Biological: genetic and temperament
Behavioral: learning and conditioning
Cognitive: expectancies and biases
Risk factors: environment
3. Panic disorder:
repeated, unexpected panic attacks; often leads to agoraphobia; related to risk for all
anxiety disorders
4. Types of Panic disorders:
Physiological
Emotional (fear)
Cognitive (attention; expectancy; interpretation)
5. Biological factors of panic disorders:
dysfunctional alarm (CO2)
deficient GABA
6. Cognitive factors of panic disorders:
anxiety sensitivity (fear of fear; primarily somatic concerns)
misinterpretation of stimuli
focus on potential threats
7. Treatment for panic disorder:
Drugs
CBT
8. Problems with drugs for treatment of panic disorder:
Side effects
Feeling helpless/dependent
Relapse
9. Advantages/Problems of CBT:
Adv.: good in short term; better long term than drugs therapies
Probs.:can be unpleasant at first; drug treatment can interfere with CBT
10. Differences in average age of onset suggest:
A developmental factor is also involved.
11. Types of Phobias (3):
Specific
Social Anxiety (Social Phobia)
Agoraphobia
12. Specific Phobias: (Examples) *Don’t have to make this notecard, just understand what
specific phobias are*
Animal, natural environment, situation, blood/injections, clowns, choking, 13
13. Social Anxiety/Phobia:
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PSY 436 Exam 2 Review
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Fear of negative evaluation
Shyness
Anxiety sensitivity: social concerns
14. Agoraphobia:
Fear of public places, especially those with crowds
15. Difference between and social anxiety and agoraphobia:
Agoraphobia results from the fear of panic attacks
Social anxiety results from the fear of social interactions
16. Learning theoretical perspectives: (2)
Mower’s Two-Factor Model
Observational Learning
17. Mower’s two-factor model: (2)
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
18. Classical conditioning:
Pairing of stimulus with aversive UCS leads to fear
19. Operant conditioning:
Avoidance maintained through negative reinforcement
20. Observational learning:
Vicarious learning or conditioning; modeling
21. Phobias can be acquired by:
Observing a terrifying experience happen to another person, and maintained through
avoidant behavior modeled by another
22. Biological Phobic Disorder:
Genetically conveyed overactivity of fear circuit
Maybe due to deficient activity in prefrontal cortex, failing to override amygdala
23. Prepardness:
A concept developed to explain why certain associations are learned more readily than
others.
Ex. Phobias related to survival are more common and much easier to induce in the
laboratory than other kinds of fears
24. Cognitive Phobic Disorder:
Oversensitivity to threat cues
Overprediction of danger (fear, pain)
Self-defeating thoughts & irrational beliefs
25. Treatments for Phobic Disorder: (4)
Learning-Based (extinction/habituation)
Virtual Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Drug Therapy
26. Learning Based treatment:
Systematic desensitization (imaginal or depicted)
Gradual exposure (in vivo)
Flooding (in vivo)
Modeling (Observational)
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PSY 436 Exam 2 Review
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27. Cognitive Therapy treatment:
Cognitive restructuring: identifying, challenging and replacing distorted thoughts and
beliefs
28. Generalized Anxiety Disorder:
Persistent “free floating” anxiety
Constant worry about almost anything; mundane stuff; ruminative
Tend to be tense, irritable
Onset teens to 20’s then lifelong
29. Learning/Behavioral perspective on generalized anxiety disorder:
Generalization of anxiety response due to broad themes of concern about life
circumstances
30. Cognitive perspective on generalized anxiety disorder:
Distorted thoughts and beliefs cause excessive worry
Obsessed with control
Hypertensive
Expecting the worst outcome in any circumstance
31. Biological perspective on generalized anxiety disorder:
Focuses mostly on deficient GABA and serotonin activity
May have neurological problem similar to OCD
32. Treatment approaches for generalized anxiety disorder
Drugs
CBT
33. Difference between obsession and compulsion:
Obsession: a thought
Compulsion: an action
34. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:
Obsession: intrusive, recurrent thoughts; cannot be repressed
Compulsion: repetitive, ritualistic behaviors
35. Body Dysmorphic Disorder:
Preoccupation with and extreme distress over imagines or exaggerated defect in
appearance
Constant examination of self in mirror or avoids mirrors completely
Slightly more common in women than men
36. Hoarding Disorder:
Difficulty throwing thing away, even if no value
37. Trichotillomania:
Recurrent pulling out of one’s hair, resulting in hair loss
Causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social situations
38. Excoriation Disorder:
Recurrent picking of skin resulting in lesions
39. Biological influence perspective of OCD-related disorders
Genetic
Various apparent brain abnormalities
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