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PSC 124 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - International Law, Liberalism, Democracy


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 124
Professor
Audie Klotz
Study Guide
Midterm

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PSC 124
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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IR 9.5.18!
Protest, Revolution, and Civil War
Definitions
Civil War = a conflict between organized groups within a nation-state (mostly labeled when
battle deaths reach 1000)!
Contentious Politics = domestic conflicts that do not rise to the level of civil war !
Diusion = the spread of protest and tactics through the process of observation and copying!
Intervention = the involvement of outside actors in contentious politics or civil war!
Conflict Spillover = the spread of a domestic conflict across state borders!
Hegemonic wars - wars contested to determine who will be the dominant state in the system!
Third wave of democratization - the series of transitions from autocracy to democracy that
began with a democratic revolution in Portugal in 1974!
Zone of peace - a group of democratic states !
Causes of Civil War!
-international war may strengthen the victor, but civil war always weakens the state!
Grievances (look at the reasons people rebel)
-Political -> seeking to overthrow the government or force it to reform!
-Economics -> seeking to force the government to adopt dierent economic policies or to
address an Economic grievence!
-Territorial autonomy or indepence !
-Ethnicity and religion !
*Can be combined reasons!
Grievances may not be a good explanation for civil war!
There is an argument that people are most likely to rebel when their level of death departs
significantly from their expectations!
Resources
-focus on economic factors as a source of conflict/constraint on state’s ability to resist
rebellion!
Contentious Politics
-can have significant impactions of international dimensions!
-How come some protests start small and grow into movements that force states to change
course, while others disappear?!
-Politcal opportunity structure aka the constraints/opportunities that a movement faces!
-Particular salient events can make it easier to rally people around a cause!
-technology is having a huge impact, both for good and bad ( to spread the word, or to
control access to the internet, etc)!
THE HISTORY CONNECTION - Religion, history, and oil in Iraq’s Insurgency\
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-conflict between militias in Iraq and US forces occupying the country after the defeat of the
Iraqi army in 2003!
-Hostility among Shia, Sunni, and Kurds!
“The Confederate flag is directly tied to the Confederate cause, and the Confederate cause
was white supremacy. This claim is not the result of revisionism.”!
“The Confederate flag should not come down because it is oensive to African Americans. The
Confederate flag should come down because it is embarrassing to all Americans.”!
CH 15 themes
Sources of change
-the rise of transnational terrorism as a central problem in international politics !
-Globalization of trade and finance!
-Shift toward a system with only one military superpower!
-Dramatic cha=nge in the pattern of global inequality !
-Spread of democracy and resistance to it!
-Erosion of the power of the sovereign state realtive to societal, international, and
transnational actions!
Terrorism has blurred lines between international and domestic security (how has terrorism
changed international politics)!
Globalization !
“Global war on terror”!
Erosion of US Power!
Gaps in wealth !
The spread of democracy !
International Issue + Source
-global child health and primary education!
-Government accountability and transparency / corruption!
Business Insider + BBC world news - both are sources with no known reason to doubt, one is
American and one is world news, giving wide variety of perspectives!
Government accountability is especially important in this day and age when we as citizens rely
so much on government to move our countries forward. At citizens, we have the ability to make
change through voting and protesting, but a corrupt government can ruin all of that. In the
world of international politics, it is especially crucial to understand our countries relations with
others to best place our votes and comprehend military and economic actions, etc.
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