[HY 104] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 16 pages long Study Guide!

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HY 104
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 1
Reconstruction Era
Working out what the country will become for freed women, men, & slaves
A sustained change in politics and economics
Defined & Pursued Freedom
1. Mobility-ability to leave/move
Unite with family
Move rural to urban
2. Changing of Names
Surnames from their master changed to own name of choice
Ex. Freedman, Lincoln
3. Refusing to show difference for white people
Ceasing and defining freedom
4. Pursuit of Landownership
Land=livelihood
Can support on their own
5. The vote
Key part of freedom and American citizenship
Newly gained right
6. Education
90% illiteracy in African-Americans
Key to bettering their lives
7. The choice to work
Wanting to grow other crops (not cotton)
Choosing not to work (women mostly)
3 Phases of Reconstruction
1. Licol’s idea (Post-war vision)
Abolishing slavery (13th amendment)
10 Percent Plan-Southern state can be readmitted into the Union once 10% of
voters swore an oath
Freeda’s Bureau-settling disputes between races
Assassinated after a week of a new General
2. Andrew Johnson (Presidential Reconstruction)
Opposes secession
Not a fan of black civil rights/racial equality
Gives amnesty to white people
Overturns Order #15-takes away land from freed people
Black Codes-penalized black people (declared unconstitutional)
14th amendment-grants full citizenship if born in the U.S.
3. Congress (Radical/Congressional Reconstruction)
Johnson=impeached, not convicted by 1 vote
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State conventions to re-enter into the Union
Giving of real political power to freed men/women
Ulysses S. Grant=President
15th amendment-forbids denying a vote based on race/servitude
Republicans pull back from Reconstruction
Democrats of the South
Literacy tests
Campaign of terror & violence
Poll taxes
Ku Klux Klan
Starts in Tennessee
White Republicans, black people, elite leaders
Attack & murder
Wave of violence
Mississippi Plan
Any means to win the election
Violence toward Republicans & African-Americans
Keep order in streets
Grat does’t sed troops
Passes state constitution-other states follow
Gain Democratic control of states for election (turn people away from polls)
Compromise of 1877
Rutherford B. Hayes
Removed federal troops from 3 states
End of Reconstruction=slow progression towards equality (had potential)
Sharecropping=landowners provide materials to laborers on credit
Pay back loans after harvest is sold
Sets up debt for sharecroppers
Owners lie about money they get
Ca’t leae platatio he they oe oey
Jim Crow Legislation (late 19th century)
Character in shows
Racial segregation=legal system
Transportation (Plessy v. Ferguson)
Restrooms, theaters, parks, etc. are segregated
Rise of lynching to control the black southern population
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