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PSC 101 Final: Examreview-2

Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Stephanie Paul
Study Guide

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Exam review:
Social Movements
Political Parties
In a country with a ___ system minor parties play a much more significant role in
electoral politics
Proportional representation (seats apportioned by percentage of vote)
Why do minor parties play a less significant role in the US?
Because we do not have a proportional representation but single-member
district plurality (SMDP)
‘Winner takes all’ system
Restrictions on minor parties
Ballot access requirements
At what event do delegates nominate their party’s presidential candidate?
Political ideologies- 2 main in US conservatism and American liberalism
Political ideologies: organized set of beliefs about the fundamental nature of society and
the role of the gov -- how should we rule?
Conservatives: small government
Liberals: government action needs to achieve equal opportunity and equality
Partisanship and ideology is more connected now than ever before
Lower voting turnout in the US due to many barriers
‘Voter Motor’ Law combines the process of getting your license and registering to vote
Shelby county vs. Holder
Made a restriction to the Voting Rights Act
Result: states have removed provisions such as same-day voter registration,
online voting, etc. Making it more difficult to vote- primarily to vote, primarily
minorities are affected by this
States could now make changes to their voting laws
Voter ID laws
115th: most diversion, but still not demographically representative
Congressional committees
Areas of specialization
Different types of committees
Select, join and special committees
Conference committee (ex. A joint committee) created to reconcile
differences in bills passed by the House and Senate

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Difference between chambers
# of representatives; terms of office; in the past elections (17th amendment)
Empowering Congress
Enumerating Powers
Article 1, Section 8: listed powers that are vested to Congress
Power to tax and spend money
Power to declare war
Elastic Clause
Article 1, Section 8: Necessary and Proper Clause
Power to make laws that are “necessary and proper” to carry out
enumerated powers
2 Types of Representation
Delegate model: follow will of constituents
Trustee model: use own judgement of what is best for the people
President Influencing Congress
President returns bill to congress unsigned
Pocket veto: rejection of a bill of the president takes no action in it for 10 days
and congress as adjourned during that period
To override a veto: ⅔ majority in both houses
Through veto: have congress change bill or kill bill
Separate branches but work closely together
President lobbies congressmen and women
Same ideology increases chances of being able to work well together
Ex: Trump and Obama - what party controlled Congress (or the houses)
Powers and Roles of the President
Chief of State
Symbol of national authority and unity
Ceremonial duties
Contrast with parliamentary democracies
Monarch and Prime Minister
Domestic Policy Leader
Legislative Leader
State of the Union
Budget Act of 1921
Requires President to submit an annual federal government budget to Congress
for consideration
Leadership on major legislation
Manager of the economy
Change since Great Depression
Employment Act of 1946
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