PPPM 280 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Opportunity Cost, International Non-Governmental Organization

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Published on 19 Oct 2017
School
University of Oregon
Department
Planning, Public Policy and Management
Course
PPPM 280
Professor
PPPM 280 Overview and Study Guide Winter 2013
Overview of NP Sector in U.S.
Four fundamental institutional types: Family/household, Business, Government,
Nonprofit associations/foundation
First three have core activities: Household: home production, family care, Govt: defense,
rule of law, infrastructure, Business: production of private goods
Remaining activities are quasi-public or quasi-private; We will see future fluidity:
Functions shift from for-profit to nonprofit to government, Nonprofits may evolve to look more
like business or government
Legal definitions of nonprofits: 501(c)(3)s, 501(c)(4)s, Private Foundations vs. Public
Charities definitions of each category, tax exemptions and constraints on behavior
Historical Trends -- Growth in the NP sector
Shift to service economy--Reinforced by demographic change, women’s rising labor
force participation, Rising incomes and increasing consumption of leisure,
Changing role of the state, Ideological shifts away from complete reliance on public
sector
Increasing diversity of societiesincreased transportation, migration, flow of
communication à increasing heterogeneity
Scale and scope of the NP sector
Distribution of across different activities (e.g. education, health, arts and culture, religion,
etc.), comparison with for-profit and govt activities
Share of overall economy
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Document Summary

Pppm 280 overview and study guide winter 2013: overview of np sector in u. s, four fundamental institutional types: family/household, business, government, Nonprofit associations/foundation: first three have core activities: household: home production, family care, govt: defense, rule of law, infrastructure, business: production of private goods, remaining activities are quasi-public or quasi-private; we will see future fluidity: Functions shift from for-profit to nonprofit to government, nonprofits may evolve to look more like business or government: legal definitions of nonprofits: 501(c)(3)s, 501(c)(4)s, private foundations vs. public. ), comparison with for-profit and govt activities: share of overall economy, theory: why we have a np sector, demand side theories: public goods, information asymmetry, heterogeneity theory, Replacement cost, opportunity cost, organizational value: motivations for volunteering, relationship between donations of time and money (complements vs. substitutes, social capital, definition, types (bridging, bonding, contributors to and effects of social capital, positive vs.