Antarala - small antechamber or foyer between the garbhagriha (shrine) and the mandapa, more
typical of north Indian temples.
axis (axial) -
causeway - a raised road or track across low or wet ground.
chaitya hall -a Buddhist shrine or prayer hall with a stupa at one end.
chatra -auspicious symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism.
citadel – Fortress, typically on high ground, protecting or dominating a city
clerestory - the upper part of the nave, choir, and transepts of a large church, containing a series of
windows. It is clear of the roofs of the aisles and admits light to the central parts of the building.
cone mosaic - A type of wall decoration used in the Uruk (VI-IV) and Jemdet Nasr periods of
southern Mesopotamia. Stone or baked clay cones were stuck into the surface of building
facades to produce a colored mosaic geometric pattern. dou-gong - unique structural element of interlocking wooden brackets, one of the most
important elements in traditional Chinese architecture.
dummy temple -
garbhagriha - sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a Hindu temple where resides
the murti (idol or icon) of the primary deity of the temple. Literally the word means "womb
chamber", from the Sanskrit words garbha for womb and griha for house.
granary -a storehouse for threshed grain, a region producing large quantities of corn. harmica -
hypostyle – a hypostle hall has a roof which is supported by columns.
mandapa - a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals.
mastaba - a type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure
with inward sloping sides, constructed out of mud-bricks (from the Nile River) or stone.
mausoleum - a building, especially a large and stately one, housing a tomb or tombs.
mortuary temple - temples that were erected adjacent to, or in the vicinity of, royal tombs in
Ancient Egypt. The temples were designed to commemorate the reign of the Pharaoh by whom they were constructed, as well as for use by the Pharaoh's cult after death.
obelisk - a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal
top, set up as a monument or landm